Divine Verses 5

What are the value and role of prayer in Islam? The value and role of prayer lie in its being the direct link between God and man. It is the means by which man, an insignificant mortal, draws strength, reassurance and help from God’s infinite power and everlasting mercy. It is the source from which man, a frail creature, replenishes his energy and renews his power and strength to face and resist his own inner temptations and prejudices, as well as the temptations and pressures of the world around him. It is the key to the treasures of God’s grace, and the fountain of light which illuminates man’s heart with inner peace and tranquility and leads him through the darkness of doubt and confusion to the certainty of faith and trust in God Almighty. It is an occasion for rest, serenity and peace of mind. It is no wonder, therefore, that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to resort to prayer whenever things became difficult to cope with. When God Almighty commissioned Muhammad for his great and historic task, He said to him; “Stand up in prayer at night, all except for a small portion of it; or half the night or a little less or a little more, and recite the Qur’an in a calm and distinct manner. We are about to address you with words of surpassing gravity” (Surah Al-Muzzammil 2-5) Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allah  measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). Surah Al-Muzzammil 20.)Prayer during the night and recitation of the Qur’an were the essential means of preparing Muhammad for the stupendous task of conveying God’s message to mankind. Prayer opens the human heart to hope and enlightenment, reinvigorates one’s relationship with God, mitigates the struggle for life, and provides one with inspiration and confidence..

What argument is there to prove that Muhammad (PBUH)  is the seal of theProphets and no messenger will come after him? Firstly, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  has been called ‘khatimanabiyan’ in the Qur’an which means the ‘last Prophet’. Allah (SWT) says in the following verse of the Qur’an; This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. (Surah Al-Maidah; 3) Therefore, there is no longer any need for another messenger. Nearly six thousand years ago a simple but ardent man stood beside the newly-raised wall of Kaaba and supplicated,” 129. “Our Lord! Send amongst them a Messenger of their own (and indeed Allah answered their invocation by sending Muhammad Peace be upon him ), who shall recite unto them Your Verses and instruct them in the Book (this Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah (full knowledge of the Islamic laws and jurisprudence or wisdom or Prophethood, etc.), and sanctify them. Verily! You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;  129).

What attitude should a Muslim adopt in respect of the truthful? O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah (SWT), and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). ( Surah Al-Bara’at/Surah At-Taubah; 119).

What basic human rights are provided to all citizens of the Islamic State? The life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred, whether a person is Muslim or not. Islam also protects honour.  So, in Islam, insulting others or making fun of them is not allowed. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), said; “Truly your blood, your property, and your honour are inviolable.” (Saheeh Bukhari, Hadith;1739) (Musnad Ahmad, Hadith;2037) The religious harmony, freedom and tolerance which Islam lays down could be best understood from the verses which have quoted above. It is mentioned in the Qur’an “..To you be your religion, to me be mine.” (Surah Al-Kafirun; 6)  Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an, “Let there be no compulsion in religion; Truth stands out clear from error” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 256).

What can be the origin of the meteors and meteorites (shooting stars)?  We had decorated the lower heaven (sky) with the decoration of the stars and to protect the heaven from every rebellious satan (devil) who should not eaves-drop (secretly listen) to the highest assembly (of angels in the heaven) and they (devils) are shot (with meteors) from every side to cast them away and there is a permanent punishment for them. Only who caught a snatch (of the conversation) a sharp meteorite will follow him. (Surah Al-Sa’fat; 6-10)

What causes some people apostate from Islam? Verily, those who have turned back (have apostate) as disbelievers after the guidance has been manifested to them, Shaitan (Satan) has beautified for them (their false hopes), and (Allah) prolonged their term (age). (Surah Muhammad;  25)..

What conversation will be take place between Allah and Jesus on the Day of Resurrection? 109. On the Day when Allah will gather the Messengers together and say to them; “What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)? They will say; “We have no knowledge, verily, only You are the All-Knower of all that is hidden (or unseen, etc.).” 110. (Remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection). “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)] so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing, Al-Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel); and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said; ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’ ” 111. And when I (Allah) put in the hearts of Al-Hawarieen (the disciples) [of ‘Iesa (Jesus)] to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said; “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Surah Al-Maidah; 109-111)

What determines the sex of the fetus, according to the Qur’an? Qur’an says that the sex of the fetus is determined by the sperm – In the Qur’an, it is said that masculinity or femininity are created out of ‘a drop of semen which has been ejected’. However, until fairly recently, it was believed that a baby’s sex was determined by the mother’s cells. Science only discovered this information given in the Qur’an in the 20th century.  And that He (Allah) creates the pairs, male and female, From Nutfah (drops of semen male and female discharges) when it is emitted; (Surah An-Najm; 45-46).

What did Allah (SWT) command us to do? Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching with He (Allah) gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer. (Surah An-Nisa; 58)   Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from; be Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; Kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse) whether committed openly or secretly; and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand”. (Surah Al Anam;151).

What did Allah (SWT) give Prophet Saleh as a sign of prophecy? A she-camel;  Verily, We are sending the she-camel as a test for them. So watch them [O Salih (Saleh)], and be patient! (Surah al-Qamar; 27)  He said; “Here is a she-camel; it has a right to drink (water), and you have a right to drink (water) (each) on a day, known. “And touch her not with harm, lest the torment of a Great Day seize you.” (Surah Ash-Shu’ara’; 155-156).

What did Allah (SWT) order Adam and his wife to do? And We said; “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight of things therein as wherever you will, but come not near this tree or you both will be of the Zalimun (wrong-doers).” (Surah Al-Baqarah;35).

What did Allah (SWT) order Nuh to do?  “And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Inspiration, and address Me not on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.”  (Surah Hud; 37  )40. (So it was) till then there came Our Command and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said; “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except him against whom the Word has already gone forth, and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.”  (Surah Hud; 40).

What did Allah (SWT) order the Angels to do after He created Adam? And (remember) when We said to the angels; “Prostrate yourselves before Adam.”And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). (Surah Al-Baqarah; 34).

What did Allah (SWT) prepare for those among the Jews and Christians who believe? O you who believe (in Musa (Moses) (i.e. Jews) and Isa (Jesus) (i.e. Christians)! Fear Allah, and believe in His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), He will give you a double portion of His Mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight). And He will forgive you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al Hadid; 28).

What did Allah (SWT) say about Mary? And (remember) when the angels said; “(O Maryam(Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the Alamin (mankind and jinn) (of her lifetime)”. (Surah Al I ‘Imran, 3;42) O Mary! “Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord (Allah, by worshipping none but Him Alone) and prostrate yourself, and Irkai (bow down) along with ArRakiun (those who bow down)”. (Qur’an, Al I ‘Imran, 3;43) This is apart of the news of the Ghaib (unseen, i.e. the news of the past national of which you have no knowledge) which We reveal to you (O Muhammad (PBUH)  (PBUH) You were not with them, when they cast lots with their pens as to which of them should be charged with the care of Maryam (Mary); nor were you with them when they disputed. (Surah Al I ‘Imran, 3;44) (Remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah gives you the glad tidings of a Word (“Be”- and he was! I.e. Isa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary), from Him, his name will be the Messiah Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary),  held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah”. (Qur’an, Al I ‘Imran, 3;45)“He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood and he one of the righteous”. (Surah Al I ‘Imran, 3;46) She said; “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me”. He said; “So (it will be) for Allah  creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only; “Be!” – and it is”. (Surah Al I ‘Imran, 3;47).

What did God create the animals from?  45. Allah has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do all things. (Surah An-Nur; 45). “There is no animal in the earth, nor a bird flying on its two wings, but they are communities like yourselves (O people).” (Surah Al-An’am;  38) “ And the cattle, He has created them for you, in them thereis warmth (warm clothing), and numerous benefits, and of them you eat. And wherein is beauty for you, when you bring them home in the evening and as you lead them forth to pasture in the morning.  And they carry your loads to a land that you could not reach except with great trouble to yourselves. Truly, Your Lord is Full of Kindness, Most Merciful. (Sura An-Nahl 5-7) “They do not see the birds held (flying0 in the midst of the sky? None holds them but Allah (none gave them the ability to fly but Allah). Verily, in this are clear proofs and signs for people who believe (in the Oneness of Allah).”  (Surah An-Nahl 79) “ Do they not see birds above them, spreading out their wings and folding the in? None upholds them except the Most Beneficent (Allah). Verily, He is the all-Seer of every thing.”  (Surah Al-Mulk 19)

What did Satan do with the message of all the Prophets and Messengers and What does Allah (SWT) do in return? 52. Never did We send a Messenger or a Prophet before you, but; when he did recite the revelation or narrated or spoke, Shaitan (Satan) threw (some falsehood) in it. But Allah abolishes that which Shaitan (Satan) throws in. Then Allah establishes His Revelations. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise; (Surah Al-Hajj; 52 ).

What did the Arabs used to do when a baby girl was born to them? They used to  bury their daughters alive. 58. And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief! 59. He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed. Shall he keep her with dishonour or bury her in the earth ? Certainly, evil is their decision. (Surah an-Nahl; 58-59).

What did the earlier godly scholars say pertaining to the issue of [Istiwa’] Rising Over (the Throne)? The earlier godly scholars unanimously agreed upon the following saying; “The [Istiwa’] Rising Over is known, the [Kaif] how lies beyond . our mental capabilities, believing therein is a duty, inquiring about it is a heresy, our knowledge of it comes from Allah, the Messenger must convey what he was ordered to, and all we can do is to submit (our will to Allah).” “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear verses) are from our Lord} (Surah Ale-Imran; 7) is their usual response when encountering verses and Hadiths pertaining to Allah’s Names and Attributes. Allah says; “We believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah)}. (Surah Ale-Imran;  52)

What did the Jinns who heard a few Aayat (Verses) of the Qur’an say to each other? Say (O Muhammad ); “It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns listened (to this Qur’an). They said; ‘Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur’an)! (Surah Al-Jinn;  1.).

What do Muslims do to attain a state of purity before offering Salah (prayers)? Muslims perform Wudu (ablution) before offering Salah (prayers) – Prior to obligatory or voluntary prayer, a person must ensure that he is in a state of cleanliness. He does this by performing Wudu (ablution). Ritually cleansing the body by performing Wudu includes washing the hands, rinsing the mouth and nose, washing the face, washing the arms up to the elbows, wiping the head (and beard), washing the ears, including behind the ears and washing the feet up to and including the ankle. Allah says; “O believers, when you stand up to pray, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads, and your feet up to the ankles.  If you are defiled, purify yourselves…” (Surah Al-Maidah 6) Prior to obligatory or voluntary prayer a person must assure that he is in a state of cleanliness, he does this by performing either Wudu (often translated as ablution) or Ghusl (a full bath). Wudu rids the body of minor impurities, and Ghusl cleanses the body of major impurities..Prior to making formal prayer, Jesus used to wash his limbs according to the teachings of the Torah. Moses and Aaron are recorded as doing the same in Exodus 40;30-1, “30 And he set the laver between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it for washing, 31with which Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet…. as the Lord commanded Moses.” Ablution is not just cleaning the external organs several times a day before prayers.  The psychological and spiritual impact felt by the Moslem after ablution is deeper than words can express, particularly when perfecting ablution.  Ablution plays an important role in the life of the Moslem, as it keeps him always in a state of vitality, vigilance and fitness. The process of washing the organs usually exposed to dust is no doubt of a great significance to public health.  These body parts are exposed all day long to numerous numbers of microbes counted in millions in every cubic centimeters of air.  These microbes are in a constant offensive state against the human body at the exposed areas of skin.  In ablution, microbes are taken by a surprise sweep from the surface of the skin, especially with perfect massaging and enough pouring of water, as guided by the Prophet (PBUH).  Following such a process, no dirt or germs are left on the body except what Allah decrees.  Modern science has proved that rinsing the mouth protects the mouth and throat from inflammation and the gums from suppuration (pyorrhea).  It also protects and cleans teeth by removing food remnants.  Washing and sniffing the nose strongly helps keep the nostril clean and free of inflammation and germs, thus reflecting positively on the health status of the whole body. Washing the face and the two hands.  Washing the face and the two hands up to the elbows is of a great benefit in removing dust and microbes as well as sweat from the surface of the skin. This also cleans the skin from the fatty substance secreted by skin glands, and which is usually a very suitable place for the proliferation and sustenance of germs. Washing the two feet.  Washing feet with massaging lead to a feeling of quietness and complacency that engulfs the Moslem after ablution. Scientific research has proved that blood circulation in upper limbs from the hands to the forearms, and in the lower limbs from the feet to the legs is weaker than it is in other organs, being peripheral to the centre of regulating blood circulation, namely, the heart.  So washing these limbs with massaging at every ablution help strengthen the blood circulation in these parts, thus increasing the vitality and activity of the body. Science has proved the effect of sun rays, particularly the ultra violet ones, in causing skin carcinoma.  This effect decreases very well with the consequence of ablution, as it constantly dampens the surface of the skin with water, particularly the parts exposed to such rays.  This helps protect the surface and internal layer cells of the skin from the harmful impact of rays..

What do Muslims say when assuring someone or intending to do something in the future? In Sha Allah (With the Willing of Allah) Allah (SWT) has power over all things and he is the provider of all, Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an, “Allah Himself is the Provider of all sustenance, the Possessor of mighty power.” (Qur’an 51;57-58) “Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the Guardian and Disposer of all affairs.” (Qur’an 2;102).23. And never say of anything, “I shall do such and such thing tomorrow.”  24. Except (with the saying), “If Allah (SWT) will!” And remember your Lord when you forget and say; “It may be that my Lord guides me unto a nearer way of truth than this.”  (Surah al-Kahaf 23-24).

What do Muslims think about Jesus? ). Muslims think highly of Jesus (peace be upon him) and his worthy mother, Mary. The Qur’an tells us that Jesus was born of a miraculous birth without a father., and await his Second Coming. They consider him one of the greatest of God’s messengers to mankind. A Muslim never refers to him simply as ’Jesus’, but always adds the phrase ‘upon him be peace’. The Qur’an confirms his virgin birth (a chapter of the Qur’an is entitled ’Mary’), and Mary is considered the purest woman in all creation. He was given many miracles as a prophet. These include speaking soon after his birth in defense of his mother’s piety. God’s other gifts to him included healing the blind and the sick, reviving the dead, making a bird out of clay and most importantly, the message he was carrying. These miracles were given to him by God to establish him as a prophet. According to the Quran, he was not crucified but was raised into Heaven. (Quran, Chapter Maryam) The Qur’an describes ; 42. And (remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).” 43. O Mary! “Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord (Allah), by worshipping none but Him Alone and prostrate yourself, and Irka’i (bow down etc.) along with Ar-Raki’un (those who bow down etc.).” (Surah Ale-Imran; 42-43) 45. (Remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah gives you the glad tidings of a Word “Be!” – and he was! i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary)] from Him, his name will be the Messiah ‘Esa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allah.” 46. “He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.”47. She said; “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me.” He said; “So (it will be) for Allah  creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only; “Be!” and it is.48. And He (Allah) will teach him [‘esa (Jesus)] the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel).49. And will make him [‘esa (Jesus)] a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying); “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe.50. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Taurat (Torah), and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with a proof from your Lord. So fear Allah  and obey me.51. Truly! Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.52. Then when ‘Iesa (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief, he said; “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” Al-Hawariun (the disciples) said; “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”53. Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger [‘Iesa (Jesus)]; so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah – none has the right to be worshipped but Allah).54. And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and Allah planned too. And Allah is the Best of the planners.55. And (remember) when Allah said; “O ‘Iesa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you [of the forged statement that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is Allah’s son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allah) superior to those who disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad (PBUH)  , ‘esa (Jesus), Musa (Moses), etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur’an] till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute.” (Surah Ale-Imran 45-55. “Lo! The likeness of Jesus with Allah is the 10 likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, and then He said unto him: Be and he is” (Qur’an 3.59).

What do the deniers of Islam want the Muslims to do? 8. So (O Muhammad (PBUH) obey not the deniers [(of Islamic Monotheism those who belie the Verses of Allah), the Oneness of Allah, and the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad (PBUH), etc.]9. They wish that you should compromise (in religion out of courtesy) with them, so they (too) would compromise with you.. (Surah Al-Qalam;  9).

What Do We Know about the Origins of Life? 27. See you not that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and We produce therewith fruits of varying colours, and among the mountains are streaks white and red, of varying colours and (others) very black. 28. And of men and Ad-Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving. (Surah Fatir; 27-28) “And We made from water every living thing.Will they not then believe?” (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 30). The building blocks of all living things are called cells. They are the basic units of life. Protoplasm (cytoplasm nucleus) is the substance of all living things. Cytoplasm is a jelly-like material consisting of water and dissolved substances. The constitution of protoplasm is about 80-85% water. Without water life is not possible. [2] None of the myths on the origins of life that abounded at the time of the Qur’an are present in the text. Furthermore, the fact that all life originated from water would not have been a very easy thing to convince people of 1435 years ago, especially in the desert!.

What do we must observe regarding the companions of the Prophet and his household? We should keep our hearts and tongues clean and sound regarding them all. We should work on spreading their merits and virtues, along with avoiding discussing any of the troubles aroused among them. We  should also refer to their dignity and honor as we are taught by Allah the Almighty Who mentioned them in His Books; Torah, Gospel and the Glorious Qur’an. Also, there are so many Hadiths informing us of their merits and unprecedented virtues. Allah (SWT) says; “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurat (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the sowers, that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad (P) till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e. Paradise)}. (Surah Al-Fath; 29) Allah (SWT) says; “And those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard in the Cause of Allah (Al-Jihad), as well as those who gave them) asylum and aid- these are the believers in truth, for them is forgiveness and Rizqun Karim (a generous provision i.e. Paradise)}. (Surah Al-Anfal; 74) Allah (SWT) says; “And the foremost to embrace Islam of the Muhajirun (those who migrated from Makkah to AI-Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of AI-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajirun) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith). Allah is well pleased with them as they are well pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success}. (Surah At –Taubah; 100) Allah (SWT) says; “Allah has forgiven the Prophet (PBUH), the Muhajirun (Muslim emigrants who left their . homes and came to AI-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of AlMadinah) who followed him (Muhammad (PBUH)) in the time of distress (Tabuk expedition), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful}. (Surah At- Taubah; 117) Allah (SWT) says; “(And there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking Bounties from Allah and to please Him, and helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they say). And (it is also for) those who, before them, had homes (in Al-Madinah) and had adopted the Faith, love those who emigrate to them, and have no jealousy in their breasts for that which they have been given (from the booty of Banu AnNadir), and give them (emigrants) preference over themselves even though they were in need of that. And whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, such are they who will be the successful}. (Surah Al-Hashr; 8-9) In addition, we should know and believe that Allah has already looked at the Badr warriors and said; “Do whatever you like, for I have forgiven you.” (Bukhari and Muslim) Their number was 313 (three hundred and thirteen). Also, we believe that “None from among those who paid the pledge under the tree would enter Hell-fire.” (Sahih Muslim) But, Allah was pleased with them and they with Him. Moreover, they were one thousand and four hundred (or, five hundred) on the Day of Hudaibiya. Allah (SWT) says; “Indeed, Allah was pleased with the believers when they gave the Bai’ah (pledge) to you (O Muhammad (PBUH) under the tree; He knew what was in their hearts, and He sent down As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquillity) upon them, and He rewarded them with a near victory}. (Surah Al-Fath; 18) . We testify that they Were the best of all generations of this Ummah (Community) which is the best of all nations and communities. Besides, if one amongst the generations to come after them were to spend as much gold as Uhud, it would not amount to as much as one Mudd of one of them or half of it. We also believe in that they were not infallible; they might do some mistakes, but they did their best to establish what is right and true. The same can be said about the honorable wives of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and his dignified household whom Allah wished only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins) from them and to purify them with a thorough purification. Moreover, we acquit ourselves from all in whose hearts or on whose tongues there were something bad pertaining to the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) and his honorable household. We call Allah the Almighty to witness our love for them, following them, and defense for them in application to the will of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); “None should revile my companions.” Rather, he (PBUH) says; “I leave amongst you two weighs; the first is Allah’s Book, so follow stick to it firmly.” Then, he (PBUH) says; “And my household, I remind you with Allah for the sake of my household.” This Hadith is transmitted in the two Sahihs; Bukhari and Muslim.

What does “Kufr ‘Inad wa Istikbar” mean? This implies rejection and arrogance to submit to Allah’s Commandments after conviction of their truth. Such as the disbelief of Iblis (Satan), in whom Allah (SWT) says; “except Iblis (Satan), he refused and was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah)}. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 34) He, Iblis (Satan) himself, could not deny Allah’s Commandment to perform prostration, but he objected to it and said; “Shall I prostrate myself to one whom You created from clay?}. (Surah Al-Asraa 61) Allah says; “I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from dried (sounding) clay of altered mud}. (Surah Al-Hijr; 33) Allah says; “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay}. (Surah Al-A’raf; 12)

What does “Kufr Jahl wa Takdhib” mean? It means the inward and outward disbelief such as those disbelievers from among the people of Quraish and the previous nations. Regarding them, Allah (SWT) says; “Those who deny the Book (this Qur’an), and that with which We sent our Messengers (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone sincerely, and to reject all false deities and to confess resurrection after the death for recompense) they will come to know (when they will be cast into the Fire of Hell)}. (Surah Ghafir; 70) Allah (SWT) says; “And turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them)}. (Surah Al-A’ raf; 199) Allah (SWT) says; “And (remember) the Day when We shall gather out of every nation a troop of those who denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), and (then) they (all) shall be set in array (gathered and driven to the place of reckoning). Till, when they come, (before their Lord at the place of reckoning), He will say; “Did you deny My Ayat whereas you comprehended them not by knowledge (of their truth or falsehood), or what (else) was it that you used to do?”}. (Surah An-Naml;  83-84) Allah (SWT) says; “Nay, they have belied the knowledge whereof they could not comprehend and what has not yet been fulfilled (i.e. their punishment). Thus those before them did belie. Then see what was the end of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)!}. (Surah Yunus; 39)

What does “Kufr Juhud” mean? This implies concealing the truth and not to submit thereto while one knows it such as the disbelief of Pharaoh and his folk in Musa (Moses) . (PBUH) and the disbelief of the Jews in Muhammad (PBUH). Allah (SWT) says in regard to Pharaoh and his folk; “And they belied them (those Ayat) wrongfully and arrogantly, though their own selves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayat) are from Allah, and Musa (Moses) is the Messenger of Allah in truth, but they disliked to obey Musa (Moses), and hated to believe in his Message of Monotheism]}. (Surah An-Naml; 14) He says in regard to the Jews; “Then when there came to them that which they had recognized, they disbelieved in it}. (Al-Baqarah, 89) Allah (SWT) says; “But verily, a party of them conceal the truth while they know it -[i.e. the qualities of Muhammad (PBUH) which are written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)]}. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 146)

What does “Kufr Nifaq” mean? This means the disbelief of the hypocrites who declare belief and conceal their disbelief to deceive the Muslims. This category includes people such as Ubaiy Ibn Salul and his party; Allah (SWT) says pertaining to them; “And of mankind there are some (hypocrites) who say; “We believe in Allah and the Last Day” while in fact they believe not. They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies. And when it is said to them; “Make notmischief on the earth!” they say; “We are only peace-makers.” Verily! They are -the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not. And when it is said to them (hypocrites); “Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad (PBUH), Al-Ansar and AlMuhajirun) have believed, ” they say; “Shall we believe as the fools have believed?” Verily, they are the fools, but they know not. And when they meet those who believe they say; “We believe,” but when they are alone with their Shayatin (devils – polytheists, hypocrites), they say; “Truly, we are with you; verily, we were but mocking.” Allah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doing to wander blindly. These are they who have purchased error for guidance, so their commerce was profitless. And they were not guided. Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see. They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the Right Path). Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers (i.e. Allah will gather them all together). The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes for them they walk therein, and when. darkness covers them, they stand still. And if Allah willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Certainly, Allah has power over all things}. (Surah Al-Baqarah;  8-20)

What does “Oneness of the Lordship of Allah” mean? It means to believe in that there is only one Lord for the universe, He is its Creator, Organizer, Planner, Sustainer, and the Giver of security, etc., and that is Allah (SWT). He is Allah (SWT), Who has neither a partner in (His) Dominion, nor He is low to have a protector or supporter. No one can  defy His Judgment or challenge His Ordainments. Allah (SWT) says; “All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light; yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord”. (Surah Al-An’am;1)…“Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds”. (Surah Al-Fatihah;1)…“Say (O Muhammad); “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say; “(It is) Allah.” Say; “Have you then taken (for worship) Auliya’ (protectors) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves? ” Say; “Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to light? Or do they assign to Allah partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creation (which theymade and His creation) seemed alike to them?” Say; “Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Irresistible”. (Surah Ar-Ra’d; 16)… “Allah is He Who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is there any of your (so-called) partners (of Allah) that do anything of that? Glory is to Him! And Exalted is He above all that (evil) they associate (with Him)” (Surah Ar-Rum,40)… ?????(Surah Luqman;11)…“Were they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm Belief”. (Surah At-Tur;35-36)…“Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship. Do you know of any who is similar to Him”.(Surah Maryam;65)  …“There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}. (Surah Ash-Shura; 11) “And say; “All the praises and thanks are to Allah, Who has not begotten a son (or offspring), and Who has no partner in (His) Domi nion, nor He is low to have a Wali (helper, protector or supporter). And magnify Him with all magnificence”.(Surah Al-Asraa;111)… “Say; (O Muhammad to polytheists, pagans) “Call upon those whom you assert (to be associate gods) besides Allah, they possess not even an atom’s weight either in the heavens or on the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor there is for Him any supporter from among them. Intercession with Him profits not except for him whom He permits. So much so that when fear is banished from their (angels’) hearts, they (angels) say; “What is it that your Lord has said?” They say; “The truth. And He is the Most High, the Most Great”. (Surah Saba’;22-23)

What does “Sincerity of determination” mean? It means warding off lethargy and laziness, and exerting one’s effort in making his words go with his deeds. Allah (SWT) says; “O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do”. (Surah As-Saff; 2-3)

What does “Sincerity of intention” mean? It means that all the words and deeds of Allah’s slave made manifest and concealed, must be for nothing save to seek the Countenance of Allah, the Most High. Allah (SWT) says; (And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone]}. (Surah Al-Bayyinah; 5) He says; “And who has (in mind) no favor from anyone to be paid back. Except to seek the Countenance of his Lord, the Most High}. (Surah Al-Lail;  19-20) . He says; “We feed you seeking Allah’s Countenance only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you}. (Surah Al-Insan; 9) He says; “Whosoever desires (by his deeds) the reward of the Hereafter, We give him increase in his reward, and whosoever desires the reward of this world (by his deeds), We give him thereof (what is decreed for him), and he has no portion in the Hereafter}. (Surah Ash-Shura; 20)

What does “to have Faith in the Messengers of Allah” mean? “To have Faith in the Messengers of Allah” means to have pure and absolute belief that Allah the Almighty sent down to every Ummah (community or nation) a Messenger from among them, to invite them to worship Him Alone and to renounce all that is worshipped besides Him. It . means to believe that they are truthful, trustworthy, pious, divinely guided, honorable, respected, guiding and guided, supported with clear evidences and amazing miraculous signs from their Lord, and that they conveyed the whole Message they were sent with without making any change, alteration, distortion, increase or even decrease; “Then! Are the Messengers charged with anything but to convey clearly the Message?}. (Surah An-Nahl; 35) This also means to believe that all of them were on a clear and truthful path. To believe in them means to believe that Almighty Allah took Ibrahim (Abraham) and Muhammad (Peace be upon them) as intimate friends, Spoke to Musa (Moses), raised Idris to a lofty place, and that’ Isa (Jesus) was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Ruh) created by Him, and that He preferred some of them (the Messengers) to others; and others (from among them) He raised to degrees (of honor).

What does “being pleased with Allah” mean? This phrase means that people should be content with the destiny that Allah has predetermined for them and with what He gives them, both unconditionally and without any internal resistance. People may not realize the goodness in a given event at that very moment. But whether they realize it or not, they know that Allah wills goodness in a given event at that very moment and in every event. In fact, believers always have infinite trust in Allah in everything that befalls them. They never wonder whether that event will bring them good or bad; rather, they trust in Allah unceasingly and know that they will always find good.One may become fatally sick, have a serious accident and become physically disabled, lose all of his or her wealth, be wronged by others, or encounter an utterly unexpected event. No matter what happens, one should know that all of these things take place under Allah’s complete control, and therefore feel at peace. That person submits completely to Allah’s wisdom and mercy and thanks Him, regardless of the circumstances in which they find themselves. This is the behavior exhibited by those who are pleased with Allah, about whom Allah states the following;Allah will say; “This is the Day when the sincerity of the sincere will benefit them. They will have Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, forever and ever. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. That is the Great Victory.”  (Surah  al-Ma’ida, 119)… Allah has inscribed faith upon such people’s hearts, and will reinforce them with a Spirit from Him and admit them into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, remaining in them timelessly, forever. Allah is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. Such people are the party of Allah. Truly it is the party of Allah who are successful.  (Surah  al-Mujadala, 22)

What does “wisdom” mean?  Wisdom is the ability to determine what is right and most appropriate. All speech, decisions, and behavior of people of wisdom are wise and proper. They can explain a subject in the most correct, most concise, and wisest manner; can make the right diagnosis of an event, a person, or a behavior; react to events wisely; and can exhibit the finest behavior. Therefore, people of wisdom are also people of high intelligence. One can have wisdom only through belief in Allah and following the Qur’an, for the Qur’an is the only source that teaches humanity the truth of events, good and wise behavior, thought, and speech.  Allah gives wisdom as a blessing to His sincere servants who turn to Him. The Qur’an points out that Allah grants this gift to whom He wills; He gives wisdom to whoever He wills, and he who has been given wisdom has been given great good. But no one pays heed but people of intelligence.  (Surah  al-Baqara, 269)

What does affirming faith in Allah’s Scriptures mean? It means to have pure, perfect and absolute belief in the fact that they are all sent down by Allah the Almighty, and that He spoke therewith. They are divided into more than one category; some were revealed from behind a veil with no intermediary Divine Messenger; some were conveyed through the intermediary Divine Messenger to the human Messenger; and some were written down by Allah’s Hand. Allah (SWT) says in His Glorious Qur’an; “It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise}. (Surah Ash-Shura;  51) Almighty Allah said to Musa (Moses); “I have chosen you above men by My Messages, and by My speaking (to you)}. (Surah Al-A’ raf; 144) Allah says; “And to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly}. (Surah An-Nisaa; 164) He the Almighty said regarding the Taurat (Torah); “And We wrote for him on the Tablets the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation for all things}. (Surah Al-A’ raf; 145)’ Regarding ‘Isa (Jesus), He Allah (SWT) says; “And We gave him the Injeel (Gospel)}. (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 46 & Surah Al-Hadid; 27) Allah says; “And We gave Dawud (David) the Zabur (Psalms)}. (Surah An-Nisaa; 163 & Surah AI-Isra’; 55) Pertaining to the Glorious Qur’an, He Allah (SWT) says; “But Allah bears witness to that which He has sent down (the Qur’an) unto you (O Muhammad (PBUH)),. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness. And Allah is All Sufficient as a Witness}. (Surah An-Nisaa; 166) Allah says; “And (it is) a Qur’an which We have divided (into parts), in order that you might recite it to men at intervals. And We have revealed it by stages (in 23 years)}. (Surah Al-Asraa 106) Allah says; “And truly, this (the Qur’an) is a revelation from the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind jinn and all that exists). Which the trustworthy Ruh [Jibril (Gabriel)] has brought down. Upon your heart (O Muhammad (PBUH)) that You may be (one) of the warners. ln the plain Arabic language}. (Surah Ash-Shu’ra’; 192- 195) Allah says; “Verily, those who disbelieved in the Reminder (i.e. the Qur’an) when it came to them (shall receive the punishment). And verily, it is an honorable well-fortified respected Book (because it is Allah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption. Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it; (it is) sent down by the All Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allah)}. (Surah Fussilat; 41-42)

What does Allah (SWT) Command us to do when you hear people talking falsely about Allah (SWT)’s Verses and mocking Islam? 68. And when you (Muhammad (PBUH) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur’an) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).(Surah Al-Anam; 68).

What does Allah (SWT) mention about insulting, abusing or condemning the Gods of other religions, in the Qur’an? 108. And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made fair-seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do. (Surah Al-An’am; 108).

What does Allah (SWT), the Exalted mention about the reason for creating partners (spouses) for one another? Allah (SWT) Says in the Qur’an “Allah created for you mates from among yourselves that you may dwell with them in serenity and tranquility” Marriage in Islam is an extremely important institution which safeguards the rights of men, women and children while satisfying the physical, emotional and intellectual needs of the family members. It nourishes unselfish behaviour, generosity, and love in the framework of a well-organized family system. Allah, the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an ““And among His signs is that He created for you mates from among yourselves that you may dwell with them in serenity and tranquility…”(Surah Ar-Rum;21).

What does Allah do to the shadow? 45. Have you not seen how your Lord spread the shadow. If He willed, He could have made it still then We have made the sun its guide [i.e. after the sunrise, it (the shadow) squeezes and vanishes at midnoon and then again appears in the afternoon with the decline of the sun, and had there been no sun light, there would have been no shadow]. (Surah Al-Furqan;  45).

What does believing in the Angels mean? It is to decisively admit and confess their existence and that they are from among the subjugated and worshipping creatures of Allah the Almighty. And that they are; “They (the angels) are but honored slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His Command}. (Surah Al-Anbiya’; 26-27) Allah (SWT) says; “Who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded} .(Surah At-Tahrim;  6) Allah (SWT) says; “And those who are near Him (i.e. the angels) are not too proud to worship Him, nor are they weary (of His worship). They (i.e. the angels) glorify His Praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so)}. (Surah Al-Anbiya’; 19-20)

What does contradict [Tauhid Al-Asma’ was-Sifat] the Oneness of the Names and Attributes of Allah? Using profanity in Allah’s Names and Attributes contradicts observing and respecting the Oneness of His Names and Attributes. This is of three types; First; [Ilhad Al-Mushrikin] Atheism of the Polytheists; those who attributed Allah’s Names after distorting them -to their idols; they derived Al-Lat from Ilah (god), Al-`Uzza from Al-`Aziz (the Almighty), and Manah from Al-Mannan (the Benefactor). Second; [Ilhad Al-Mushabihah] Atheism of the Likening Ones; those who adapt Allah’s Attributes and liken them to the qualities of His Creation. . These are the other face of the coin, as they likened Him to the created beings, while the first type elevated their idols and set them as equals to the Lord of the `Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exist). Third; [Ilhad An-Nufah Al-Mu`attilah] Atheism of the Negators, the Suspenders (i.e. those who say that Allah’s Names and Attributes are created); these are of two types; (a) a group affirmed the wording of His Names, but negated what they denote of Perfect Attributes. They said; He is the Most Gracious and the All Merciful without mercy, All Knowing without knowledge, All Hearing without hearing, All Seeing without sight, and All Mighty without might, etc. and they said the same regarding the rest thereof. (b) a group declared the negation of the Names and their connotations entirely. They described Him as pure and complete nothingness and nonexistence that has neither name, nor quality. All Glory, Greatness and Perfection is due to Allah the Almighty. He is Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship. Do you know of any who is similar to Him? (Surah Maryam; 65) Allah says; “There is nothing like unto Him and He is the AllHearer, the All-Seer}. (Surah Ash-Shura; ll) Allah (SWT) says; “He (Allah) knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them (in the Hereafter) but they will never compass anything of His Knowledge}. (Surah Ta-Ha; 110)

What does Islam prescribe about brotherhood? Qur’an’s impact is unique as the biggest equalizer (for brotherhood) of mankind. Islam prescribes universal brotherhood. It rejects the thought that human beings have been created in castes or different levels. Allah (SWT), the Exalted describes the Islamic concept of universal brotherhood; ‘O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (not that you may despise each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah (SWT) is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And God has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13). The Qur’an make social justice the cause of Allah.  It rids every believer of the evil of racism, casteism, social highs and low-ism.  It affectuates total transformation of man – his mind, body and soul.  When a man submits totally to his Creator, all discrimination, prejudices, based on the color of your skin fizzle away.  All become equal.  Qur’an teaches man in very clear, unequivocal terms that the only criterion that gives meaning to life and access to paradise is your belief in the Creator of all, and the honorable deeds, and nothing else.  No blacks, no whites, just your deeds that will effects your rewards.  This Qur’anic teaching dealt such a heavy blow to the disease of racism, that never in the last 1440 years of Islamic history have there every been discriminatory practices against the people of color.  Never have there ever been segregated mosques, segregated restaurants, or universities, as there are segregated churches, restaurants, and universities in some countries of the world, where racism has gotten out of control.  This racism is a nightmare to all Qur’an-conscious believers.  When Muslims stand shoulder to shoulder, five times a day for prayers, racism is automatically exiled.  When the Muslims of all colors, nationalities, converge in Makkah annually (for last 1440 years) no one thinks of anything but brotherhood of all and love for all creatures of God, with total submission to His will.  In the history of mankind there never has been a more potent doctrine for the good of all of the mankind as that of the Qur’an.

What Does Islam Say About Gender Selection? Gender selection, also known as sex selection, is a way of ensuring that a couple will have a baby boy or girl according to their choosing. This is most commonly practiced among couples who already have children of one sex or the other, and who desire to “balance” the family. Critics of the practice argue that it can lead to favoritism of one sex over another, and more widespread population imbalance. In some countries, sex selection technologies are not approved for widespread use. All sex selection technologies are banned in India and China. Certain uses of the technology are restricted in other countries. For example, in the UK, Canada and Australia, the PGD method is only allowed for genetic screening for medical reasons. Laws in the rest of the world are largely more relaxed. In the US, gender selection clinics are at the heart of a $100 million per year ‘industry’ that the FDA finds largely to be experimental. Beyond the legal ramifications, many people argue that sex selection is immoral and unethical. Among the main worries expressed is that women and young couples may fall victim to family and community pressure to have children of a certain gender. Critics also complain that vital resources are taken up at fertility clinics that could be used to treat those who are unable to have children at all. The manipulation of embryos and abortion open up another area of ethical concern.  Muslims believe that every child that comes into the world is created by Allah. Allah is the One who creates according to His will, and it is not our place to question or complain. Our destinies are already written, and every life that comes to be was destined to be by Allah. There’s only so much we can try to control. On this topic, the Qur’an says; To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows (children) male or female according to His Will (and Plan), Or He bestows both males and females, and He leaves childless whom He will; for He is full of Knowledge and Power. (Surah Ash-Shura; 49-50)  The Qur’an discourages Muslims from favoring one sex over another when having children. For, whenever any of them is given the glad tiding of [the birth of] a girl, his face darkens, and he is filled with suppressed anger. With shame does he hide himself from his people, because of the bad news he has had! Shall he retain it in contempt, or bury it in the dust? Ah! what an evil (choice) they decide on! (Surah An-Nahl; 58-59) The Qur’an clearly states that both men and women contribute to the creation of offspring; O you people! surely We have created you from a male and a female. (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13) Another verse talks about mingled nuṭfa (drops of fluid) as the beginning of human creation, implying the contribution of both male and female fluids. 2. Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of mixed semen (discharge of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. (Surah Al-Insan; 2) These two verses indicate both male and female involvement in the formation of the embryo. However, does the father or the mother determine the gender of the offspring? In an authentic ḥadīth of the Prophet he mentioned a “competition” between the male seminal fluid and the female reproductive fluid vis-à-vis the determination of gender; The reproductive substance of man is white and that of woman is yellow, and when they have sexual intercourse and the male’s substance prevails upon the female’s substance, it is a male child that is created by Allah’s decree, and when the substance of the female prevails upon the substance contributed by the male, a female child is formed by the decree of Allah. (Ṣaḥīḥ MuslimHadith no. 315). Another ḥadīth states; If man’s liquid (semen) prevails over the liquid of woman, the child will resemble his father. If the woman’s liquid prevails over his liquid, then the child will resemble her..( al-Bukhārī Saḥīḥ,Hadith no. 3151).The above mentioned sacred verses and aḥādīth as well as recent scientific literature can lead us to appropriately conclude that while the father is responsible for genetic determination of the child’s gender, the environment of the female genital tract may influence the child’s gender. Specifically, the physical, chemical, or physiological characteristics of reproductive fluids and the nutrition of the mother may be considered environmental determinants of gender.

What does Islam say about homosexuality? Islam is clear in its prohibition of homosexual acts. Islamic scholars cite these reasons for condemning homosexuality, based on teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah; It clashes with the “natural” order in which God created human beingsIt brings destruction of the family and the institutions of marriage. It leads people to ignore God’s guidance in other areas of life. In Islamic terminology, homosexuality is alternatively called al-fahsha’ (an obscene act), shudhudh (abnormality), or ‘amal qawm Lut (behavior of the People of Lut). Islam teaches that believers should neither participate in nor support homosexuality. The Qur’an shares stories which are meant to teach people valuable lessons. The Qur’an tells the story of the people of Lut (Lot), which is similar to the story as shared in the Old Testament of the Bible. We learn of an entire nation which was destroyed by God due to their obscene behavior, which included rampant homosexuality.As a prophet of God, Lut preached to his people. We also sent Lut. He said to his people; ‘Will you commit lewdness such as no people in creation ever committed before you? For you come in lust to men in preference to women. No, you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds’ (Surah Al-A’raf;  80-81). In another verse, Lut advised them; ‘Of all the creatures in the world, will you approach males, and leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your mates? No, you are a people transgressing (all limits)!’ (Surah Ash-Shu’araa; 165-166). The people rejected Lut and threw him out of the city. In response, God destroyed them as punishment for their transgressions and disobedience. 165. “Go you in unto the males of the ‘Alamin (mankind), 166. “And leave those whom Allah has created for you to be your wives? Nay, you are a trespassing people!” (Surah Ash-Shu’ara’; 165-166) 55. “Do you approach men in your lusts rather than women? Nay, but you are a people who behave senselessly.” (Surah An-Naml; 55) 28. And (remember) Lout (Lot), when he said to his people; “You commit Al-Fahishah (sodomy the worst sin) which none has preceded you in (committing) it in the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns).”29. “Verily, you do sodomy with men, and rob the wayfarer (travellers, etc.)! And practise Al-Munkar (disbelief and polytheism and every kind of evil wicked deed) in your meetings.” But his people gave no answer except, that they said; “Bring Allah’s Torment upon us if you are one of the truthful.” (Surah Al-Ankabut; 28-29)   above are some verses in the Qur’an that speak against homosexuality. The Holy Bible alsy says about of this cancer and blight;” Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, And changed the glory of theincorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footedbeasts, and creeping things. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through thelusts of their own hearts, to dishonor their own bodies between themselves; Who changedthe truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator,who is blessed forever. Amen. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections; foreven their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature; And likewisealso the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one towardanother; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. (Romans 1;22-27). Those people who make a god (ilah) of there own lusts are clearly in the wrong. Prophet Lut spoke against this evil practice of his people. Their only reply was; “Bring us the Wrath of God if thou tellest the truth.” They soon found out who was telling the truth when Allah destroyed them all. Let it be known right now that there is NO SUCH THING AS A GAY MUSLIM!!! A Muslim is one who submits himself to the will of Allah. Those who practice this evil have submitted themselves to their own desires and have turned their backs on the clear teachings of Islam. These people will use any kind of rationalization to justify their sinful practices. Be not deceived by the smooth tactics of Shaitan. He will try everything to guide us from the wrong way

What does Islam say about killing of people and other living beings? Islam considers all life forms as sacred. More so, the sanctity of human life is accorded a special place. The first and the foremost basic right of a human being is the right to live.“…take not life, which Allah  hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law; thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.” (Surah Al-An’am; 151)“…if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (Surah Al-Maidah; 32), Qur’an goes to the extent of saying that killing one person is equivalent to killing the entire Humanity and saving one is as though one has saved the entire humanity..

What Does Islam Say about the Day of Judgment? Like Christians, Muslims believe that the present life is only a trial preparation for the next realm of existence.  This life is a test for each individual for the life after death.  A day will come when the whole universe will be destroyed and the dead will be resurrected for judgment by God.  This day will be the beginning of a life that will never end.  This day is the Day of Judgment.  On that day, all people will be rewarded by God according to their beliefs and deeds.  Those who die while believing that “There is no true god but God, and Muhammad (PBUH)  is the Messenger (Prophet) of God” and are Muslim will be rewarded on that day and will be admitted to Paradise forever, as God has said;  “And those who believe and do good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they dwell therein forever.  “ (Surah Al-Baqara; 82) But those who die while not believing that “There is no true god but God, and Muhammad (PBUH)  is the Messenger (Prophet) of God” or are not Muslim will lose Paradise forever and will be sent to Hellfire, as God has said;  “ And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him and he will be one of the losers in the Hereafter “. (Surah Ale-Imran; 85) And as He has said; “ Those who have disbelieved and died in disbelief, the earth full of gold would not be  accepted from any of them if it were offered as a ransom.  They will have a painful punishment, and they will have no helpers.  (Surah Ale-Imran; 91) One may ask, ‘I think Islam is a good religion, but if I were to convert to Islam, my family, friends, and other people would persecute me and make fun of me.  So if I do not convert to Islam, will I enter Paradise and be saved from Hellfire?’ The answer is what God has said in the preceding verse, “And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him and he will be one of the losers in the Hereafter.”After having sent the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  to call people to Islam, God does not accept adherence to any religion other than Islam.  God is our Creator and Sustainer.  He created for us whatever is in the earth.  All the blessings and good things we have are from Him.  So after all this, when someone rejects belief in God, His Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) , or His religion of Islam, it is just that he or she be punished in the Hereafter.  Actually, the main purpose of our creation is to worship God alone and to obey Him, as God has said in the Holy Qur’an (Surah Ad-Dhariyat;  56). This life we live today is a very short life.  The unbelievers on the Day of Judgment will think that the life they lived on earth was only a day or part of a day, as God has said; He (God) will say, “How many years did you stay on the earth?”  They will say; “We stayed a day or part of a day….”( Surah Al-Muminun; 112-113) And He has said; Did you then think that We had created you in jest (without any purpose), and that you would not be returned to Us (in the Hereafter)?  So, God is exalted, the True King.  None has the right to be worshipped but Him… “ (Surah Al-Muminun115-116) The life in the Hereafter is a very real life.  It is not only spiritual, but physical as well.  We will live there with our souls and bodies..

What does Islam state about equality in justice? Islam considers justice to be a supreme virtue. It is mentioned in the Qur’an, “Allah commands justice and fair dealing…” (Surah an-Nahl; 90) O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just; that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do…” (Surah al-Maidah; 8) Therefore, one may conclude that justice is an obligation of Islam and injustice is forbidden. The Islamic standards of justice transcend considerations of race, religion, color and creed, as Muslims are commanded to be just to their friends and foes alike, and to be just at all levels. As the Qur’an mentions; “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a Better Protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do.” (Surah an-Nisaa;’ 135).42. (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad ), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allah loves those who act justly. (Surah Al-Maidah;42) 9. And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable. (Surah Al-Hujuraat;9) 8. Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. (Surah Al-Mumtahinah;8)

What does Major Shirk mean? It means associating partners with the Lord of the worlds, like loving someone in the way one loves Allah, fearing someone as if he is Allah, relying on him, invoking him, hoping from him, sinful loyalty to him, obeying him in what displeases Allah, sacrifice, etc. Allah, the Almighty says; “Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but He forgives whom He wills sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away}. (Surah An-Nisaa, 116) Allah (SWT) says; “And invoke not besides Allah (SWT), any that neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong doers (Surah Yunus; l06). Allah (SWT) says; “… and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin}. (Surah AnNisa’; 48) Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode}. (Surah Al-Ma’idah; 72) Allah (SWT) says; “..and whoever assigns partners to Allah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place}. (Surah Al-Hajj; 4) The Prophet (PBUH) says; “What is due to Allah from His creatures is to serve Him alone and never to associate any other being with Him. What is due them is not to punish any person who does not associate aught with Him.” (Bukhari and Muslim) There is no difference between those who declare their polytheism like the Pagans of Quraish and those who hide it, like the hypocrites who declare Islam and make their internal polytheism secret. Allah (SWT) says; “Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire,. no helper will you find for them. Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allah, and purify their religion for Allah, then they will be with the believers}. (Surah An-Nisaa; 145-146)

What does moral cleanliness mean? In the Qur’an Allah states that people should be morally clean too. It is stated that he who avoids the evil of his soul (nafs) and purifies it will succeed. Allah states in Surah  ash-Shams;By the soul and the One Who proportioned and inspired it with knowledge of depravity and with its sense of duty, he who purifies it has succeeded, he who covers it up has failed. (Surah  ash-Shams, 7-10)Moral purity is attainable, as we are informed in the verse, when one avoids the evil that one’s soul commands one to commit. Someone who is morally pure has a sincere faith and a peaceful spirit. All his thoughts and all his deeds are righteous. In every event he encounters, he behaves in a manner that shows that he is well pleased with Allah. He is sincere and genuine. He well knows that there is definitely goodness in everything Allah creates. Such people are purified from the corruption in their soul. Allah heralds the good end that these people will meet;… You can only warn those who fear their Lord in the Unseen and establish prayer. Whoever is purified, is purified for himself alone. Allah is your final destination. (Surah Fatir, 18) He who has purified himself will have success. (Surah  al-A’la, 14)

What does one get as a result of his effort? 39. And that man hath only that for which he maketh effort. (Surah al-Najam;  39).

What does Oneness of the Worship of Allah mean? To believe that none has the right to be worshipped (e.g. praying, invoking, asking for help from the unseen, swearing, offering sacrifice, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.) but Allah the Almighty. Allah says in His Glorious Qur’an, “And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him}. (Surah Al-Asraa 23) Allah (SWT) says; “Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship)}. (Surah An-Nisaa;  36) Allah (SWT) says; “Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so worship Me, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) for My Remembrance}. (Surah Ta-Ha;14)

What does Qur’an say about enemies of Muslims? “109. Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even, after the truth (that Muhammad Peace be upon him is Allah’s Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His Command. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things. (Surah Al-Baqara; 109). “And you will always find treachery in them, except a few of them. So pardon them and forgive. Surely Allah loves those who do good to others.” (Surah Al-Maidah;  13)

What does Qura’n  say about  suicide→It is He Who giveth life and who taketh it, and to Him shall ye all be brought back. (“Surah Yunus; 56) Suicide is disrespecting God and being ungrateful for the life He has given us. God has made life sacred for human beings and all his creatures.  Life itself is a gift from the Creator that we are obliged to care for.  Suicide out of despair of God’s mercy or worldly problems is strictly forbidden.  God, the Most Merciful, gives us clear guidelines and promises two things, if we worship Him and follow His guidance we will be rewarded with Paradise and that after hardship we will find ease. There are many verses that describe the sacredness of life in the Qur’an. There are many verses against suicide in the Qur’an.  “And do not kill yourselves.  Surely, God is Most Merciful to you.” (Surah An-Nisaa; 29) “And do not throw yourselves in destruction.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 195) “So verily, with hardship, there is ease.” (Surah Ash-Sharh; 5) When Prophet Jacob was grieving and sad, he turned to God, and the Qur’an tells us that he beseeched God for relief. “He said; ‘I only complain of my grief and sorrow to God…” (“Surah Yusuf;  86) God tells us that He gives life and he takes life, see for example the Qur’an when it says Have you not turned your gaze to one who disputed with Abraham about his Lord because God granted him power? Abraham said, “My Lord is He Who gives life and death.” (“Surah Al-Baqarah; 258) and bear with patience whatever befall you. (Surah Luqman; 17) Life is given to each person for a purpose, God’s purpose. We are here on earth to fulfill that purpose. Are we free to decide when our purpose is finished and we should die? No! This is known only to God. If we take or attempt to take our own life (suicide) we are trying to perform a function that belongs to God. The religion of Islam is primarily concerned with making and keeping a connection with the One God.  The stressful situations that cause us to despair and feel unconnected to God always originate in the affairs of this world, such as emotional issues, financial stress, substance abuse or health issues.  Especially in this new century one of the most common reasons for despair is a sense of isolation or detachment from others.  To cope with all the stressful situations, we should have firm faith in Allah and should be grateful to God for whatever situation we are confronted with. Everything is from God and we should praise Him often. We must strive to maintain the correct relationship with God, by prayer and thanking Him is one way to praise Him..

What does Satan say when he runs away from Battle of Badr? 48. And (remember) when Shaitan (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to them and said, “No one of mankind can overcome you this Day (of the battle of Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help).” But when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said “Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. Verily! I fear Allah for Allah (is Severe in punishment.” (Surah Al-Anfal; 48 ).

What does the following statement of the Prophet (PBUH) mean; “And all the goodness is in Your Hand; and the evil is not (attributed) to You”?  This means that all the Acts of Allah the Almighty are pure and absolute good as they are attributed to Him and emanate only from Him. They have no relation to evil. As Allah the Almighty is All Wise, All Just, and all His Acts are Wisdom and Justice. He settles everything in their proper locations. Whereas, were there any degree of evil included in the ordainment, it would be on the part of the slave whom may be inflicted with destruction due to what he has earned himself, in just and full measure. Allah (SWT) says; “And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much}. (Surah Ash-Shura;30) Allah (SWT) says; “We wronged them not, but they were the Zalimun (polytheists, wrongdoers)}. (Surah Az-Zukhruf; 76) Allah (SWT) says; “Truly! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves}. (Surah Yunus;  44)

What does the phrase “the religion of our fathers” mean in the Qur’an? The commands of Islam and how a believer should behave are thoroughly defined in the Qur’an. The phrase “religion of fathers” means a made-up religion based on past habits, traditions or hearsay, acting by many rules that have nothing to do with the commands of the Qur’an. It is this “religion of fathers” which is the source of superstitious beliefs and practices that are not mentioned anywhere in the Qur’an and in the hadiths.People who live  bythe “superstitious religion of fathers” are found in great numbers within ignorant societies. People who live in these societies follow various prayers and rituals without questioning why they do it, or examining the way they have been inherited from their forefathers, and simply assume that they are performing satisfactory and acceptable religious acts. Quite clearly, their purpose is not to gain the good pleasure of Allah, but instead to preserve the corrupt inheritance they have received from previous generations. The example of the people of the Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) given in the Qur’an relates to this subject;Recite to them the story of Ibrahim when he said to his father and his people, “What do you worship?” They said, “We worship idols and will continue to cling to them.” He said, “Do they hear you when you call or do they help you or do you harm?” They said, “No, but this is what we found our fathers doing.” He said, “Have you really thought about what you worship, you and your fathers who came before? They are all my enemies—except for the Lord of all the worlds; He Who created me and guides me; He Who gives me food and gives me drink; and when I am ill, it is He Who heals me; He Who will cause my death, then give me life; He Who I sincerely hope will forgive my mistakes on the Day of Reckoning.”  (Surah  ash-Shu’ara, 69-82)As seen in the above verses, the Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) departed from the false religion of his people, turned only to Allah and communicated to his people that Allah is the only God and the only religion to follow is His religion.Many messengers have been accused by their people of rejecting the religion of their fathers and of aiming to destroy the religion of that time, and have been threatened by its followers. The following Qur’anic verses relate to this theme;They said, “Have you come to us to turn us from what we found our fathers doing, and to gain greatness in the land? We do not believe you.”  (Surah Yunus, 78)When they are told; “Follow what Allah has sent down”, they say, “No, we will follow what we found our fathers doing.” What! Even if satan is calling them to the punishment of the Blazing Fire?  (Surah Luqman, 21)No, in fact they say, “We found our fathers following a religion and we are simply guided in their footsteps.” (Surah  az-Zukhruf, 22)

What does the Qur’an contain for mankind? And indeed We have put forth for men, in this Qur’an every kind of similitude in order that they may remember. (Surah Az-Zumar; 27) 3. Containing correct and straight laws from Allah. (Surah Al-Bayyinah; 3).

What does the Qur’an have to say? To know what the Qur’an says is important because the Qur’an has made a deep and abiding impact on the course of human civilization and history in many fundamental ways; because it has been inspiring, shaping, governing and directing countless human lives over the ages, since it first appeared fourteen hundred years ago. And it still does. The Qur’an, among all other books believed to be divine, is the only book which itself claims, and is believed by its followers to be literally the word of God. And God said to Adam] ‘Get you all down out of it; yet there shall most certainly come to you guidance from Me, and those who follow My guidance need have no fear, and neither shall they grieve.’(al-Baqarah 2; 38) ‘Say; The Truth has come from your Lord. Let him who will, believe it, and let him who will, reject it.’(al-Kahf 18; 29) ‘Indeed, We sent Our messengers with evident truth, and We sent down with them the Book and the balance (of right and wrong), so that people might behave [with each other] with justice.’(al-Hadid 57; 25)‘Will they not, then, try to understand this Qur’an?Had it come from anyone other than God, they would have found in it many an inner contradiction.’(al-Nisa 4;82) ‘Whosoever chooses to follow guidance, follows it for his own good; whosoever goes astray, goes astray to his own loss.’(al-Isra’ 17; 15)‘Surely We have sent you [O Muhammad] with the Truth, as a herald of good tidings and a warner, for there were never a people without a warner having come among them.’(al-Fatir 35; 24)‘We have sent you to the entire mankind to give them good tidings, and warn them; but most people do not understand this.’(Saba’ 34; 28)‘The Jews say, ‘The Christians have no valid grounds’; the Christians say, ‘The Jews have no valid grounds’; and both quote the Book [of God]. So do those who have no knowledge [of the Book] speak like them. But it is God who will decide between them on the Day of Ressurection about all on which they differ.’(al-Baqarah 2;113)‘Whosoever holds fast to God, he has been guided onto the Straight Path.’(al-Imran 3; 101)‘Say; He is God, the One and Unique;God, the Eternal source and supportOf everything;He begets not, and neither is He begotten;And none is His equal.’(al-Ikhlas 112; 1-4)‘It is He who accepts repentance from His servants, and pardons bad deeds, and knows all that you do. And He answers those who have faith and do righteous deeds, and gives them- out of His bounty- far more.’(al-Shura 42; 25-6)‘The true servants of the Most Merciful are those who behave gently and with humility on earth, and whenever the foolish quarrel with them, they reply with [words of] peace.’(al-Furqan 25; 63)‘Turn not your cheek away from people in scorn and pride, and walk not on earth haughtily; for God does not love anyone who acts proudly and boastfully. Be modest in your bearing and lower your voice; for the ugliest sound is the donkey’s braying.’(Luqman 31; 18-19)[Successful are the believers]…who are faithful to their trusts and to their promises.’(al-Mu’minun 23;8)‘And be true to every promise- for, verily you willl be called to account for every promise which you have made.’(al-Isra 17; 34)‘Never let your enmity for anyone lead you into the sin of deviating from justice. Always be just; that is closest to being God-fearing.’(al-Ma’idah 5;8)‘Do you know the one who denies the (Day of) Judgement? It is he who pushes the orphan away, and urges not to feed the needy. Woe, then unto those praying ones, who are heedless of their prayers, who want to be seen and praised, and refuse (to give) even little things in charity.’(al Ma’un 107; 1-7)‘The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto; but if a person forgives and makes peace, his reward rests with God; He loves not those who do wrong.’(al-Shura 42; 40)‘Good and evil can never be equal. Repel (evil) with that which is better, and see how, then, someone between whom and you was enmity shall become a true friend. Yet none is given such goodness except those who are patient; none is give this but the most fortunate.’(al-Fussilat 41; 34-5)‘Your Lord has decreed that you shall serve none but Him, and do good to your parents. Should one or both of them reach old age with you, never say ‘Ugh’ to them, nor scold either of them; but speak to them kindly and respectfully, spread over them the wings of humility and mercy, and say, ‘My Lord, have mercy upon them, as they raised me up when I was little.’(al-Isra 17; 23- 4)‘Women have rights (over against men) equal to the rights (they owe men) – but men have precedence over them.’(al-Baqarah 2; 228)‘Verily, that which is with God is the best for you, if you but knew it; all that which is with you is bound to end, whereas all that which is with God is everlasting.’(al-Nahl 16; 95-6)‘The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of God is that of a grain, out of which grow seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains.’(al-Baqarah 2; 261)‘The flesh of sacrificial animals does not reach God and neither their blood; but only godliness from you reaches Him.’(al-Hajj 22; 37)‘And they say, ‘None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian.’ These are their wishful beliefs. Say, ‘Produce your evidence if what you say is true!’ Nay, whosoever surrenders his whole being unto God, and is a doer of good, shall have his reward from his Lord; on them shall be no fear, neither shall they sorrow.’(al-Baqarah 2; 111-12)

What does the Qur’an mean when it says that people’s skin, ears, and eyes will bear witness against them on the Day of Judgment? This statement means that all of the unbelievers’ actions, even the ones that they thought no one knew about, will be revealed when their ears, eyes, and skins start to talk. Allah sees everything, whether hidden or open, but on that day He will make these people bear witness to their own crimes through a personal confession. This is a very easy matter for Him, for since He gave each person’s tongue the gift of speech, He can surely bestow it upon each person’s skin, eyes, and ears. This fact is related in the Qur’an, as follows; On the Day We crowd the enemies of Allah into the Fire and they are driven in close-packed ranks, when they reach it, their hearing, sight, and skin will testify against them concerning what they did. They will ask their skins; “Why did you testify against us?” and they will reply; “Allah gave us speech, as He has given speech to everything. He created you in the first place, and you will be returned to Him. You did not think to shield yourselves from your hearing, sight, and skin testifying against you, and you thought that Allah would never know much of what you did.” (Surah Fussilat,19-22)

What does the Qur’an mention about the use of force to spread the religion? There is a very common misconception among non-Muslims that Islam was spread by sword, however it was the inherent force of truth, reason and logic that was responsible for the rapid spread of Islam. The Islamic instructions are that there should be no compulsion in religion and people of other faiths must not be revered to Islam by force. Don’t compel anyone to embrace Islam for this religion is obvious and evident, its arguments are so clear and convincing and its appeal is so manifest that it is not necessary to compel anyone to enter its fold. Whoever has been given guidance by Allah (SWT) and whose heart is open to truth ‘will embrace it out of free will and those whose faculties have been sealed, there is no use of forcing them into the fold. The Qur’an further says; “And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. So, will you (O Muhammad (PBUH) then compel mankind, until they become believers. (Surah Yunus; 99 ) “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghutand believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower..” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 256) As stated in the verses, no one can be compelled to live by Islamic morals. Conveying the existence of God and the morals of the Qur’an to other people is a duty for believers, but they call people to the path of God with kindness and love and they never force them. It is only God Who guides people to the right way. This is related in the following verse; “56. Verily! You (O Muhammad (PBUH) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are the guided. (Surah al-Qasas;  56) It is the sword of intellect. The sword that conquers the hearts and minds of people, it is mentioned in the Qur’an, “Invite (all) to the way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious.” (Surah An-Nahl; 125) The religious harmony, freedom and religious tolerance which Islam lays down could be best understood from the verses which have quoted above. It is mentioned in the Qur’an “.To you be your religion, to me be mine.” (Surah Al-Kafirun;6).

What does the Qur’an say about “mockery”? Mockery is an example of poor morality which Allah certainly does not approve of. There are many manifestations of mockery in irreligious societies in which the values of ignorance are predominant, including mocking the imperfections or defects of others, and calling one another by unpleasant nicknames. In the Qur’an, Allah warns people against this evil act as follows;Woe to every scorner and mocker. (Surah  al-Humaza, 1) Another type of mockery referred to by Allah in the Qur’an is that of believers by unbelievers. It is revealed in the Qur’an that because they were unable to grasp that the believers were on the true path, those who believed themselves to be superior to the believers used to mock them, displaying the greatest unreason. Some of the verses on this subject read;Those who did evil used to laugh at those who believed. When they passed by them, they would wink at one another.(Surah  al-Mutaffifin, 29-30)Yet, Allah reveals that these people are greatly mistaken and heralds the tragic end they will come to as follows;So today those who believe are laughing at the disbelievers, on couches, gazing in wonder. Have the disbelievers been rewarded for what they did? (Surah  al-Mutaffifin, 34-36)Furthermore, Allah describes in the Qur’an those who ignorantly hold Islam and His revelations up to mockery, and reveals that these people reject every warning from Allah and His messengers. They are the people who do not measure the power of Allah to its full extent and ignore the fact that they will be judged in His presence. Yet, these people will be bewildered in the Hereafter and will be repaid for the mockery they used to engage in. This fact is clearly mentioned in the Qur’an;Those are the people who reject their Lord’s Signs and the meeting with Him. Their actions will come to nothing and, on the Day of Rising, we will not assign them any weight. That is their repayment—Hell—because they disbelieved and made a mockery of My Signs and of My Messengers. (Surah  al-Kahf, 105-106) Follow the best that has been sent down to you from your Lord before the punishment comes upon you suddenly when you are not expecting it; lest anyone should say, “Alas for me for neglecting what Allah was due, and being one of the scoffers!”(Surah  az-Zumar, 56)

What does the Qur’an say about Christians?  In the Qur’an, Christians are often referred to as among the “People of the Book,” i.e. people who have received and believed in previous revelation from God’s prophets. There are verses that highlight the commonalities between Christians and Muslims, and other verses that warn Christians against sliding towards polytheism in their worship of Jesus Christ.”Surely those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Christians, and the Sabians — whoever believes in God and the Last Day and does good, they shall have their reward from their Lord. And there will be no fear for them, nor shall they grieve” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 62),  69. Surely, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah, in His Messenger Muhammad  and all that was revealed to him from Allah), those who are the Jews and the Sabians and the Christians, – whosoever believed in Allah and the Last Day, and worked righteousness, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Surah Al-Maidah;  69).   “82. Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikun (see V.2;105), and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say; “We are Christians.” That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. (Surah Al-Maidah;  82).”O you who believe! Be helpers of God — as Jesus the son of Mary said to the Disciples, ‘Who will be my helpers in (the work of) God?’ Said the disciples, ‘We are God’s helpers!’ Then a portion of the Children of Israel believed, and a portion disbelieved. But We gave power to those who believed, against their enemies, and they became the ones that prevailed” (Surah As-Saff; 14).

What does the Qur’an say about Hajj? In the Quran, Islam’s revealed text, God says:”Thus We settled Abraham at the site of the House (the Ka’aba) [saying]: ‘Do not associate anything with Me, and purify My house for those who walk around it, and those who stand there (praying), and those who bow down on their knees in worship. Proclaim the pilgrimage among mankind: they will come to you on foot and on every lean (beast of burden); Let them come from every deep ravine, to bear witness to the advantages they have, and to mention God’s name on appointed days…” Chapter 22, verses 26-28

What does the Qur’an say about Mary, the mother of Jesus? The Qur’an speaks of Mary (called Miriam in Arabic) not only as the mother of Jesus, but as a righteous woman in her own right. There is even a chapter of the Qur’an named for her (the 19th chapter of the Qur’an).  Below are some direct quotations from the Qur’an regarding Mary.”Relate in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them. Then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects. She said, ‘I seek refuge from you to God Most Gracious! Do not come near me, if you fear God!’ He said, ‘No, I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a holy son.’ She said, ‘How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?’ He said, ‘So (it will be). Your Lord says, ‘That is easy for Me, and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men, and a Mercy from Us. It is a matter (so) decreed'” (Surah Maryam;16-21), 41. He said; “O my Lord! Make a sign for me.” Allah said; “Your sign is that you shall not speak to mankind for three days except with signals. And remember your Lord much (by praising Him again and again), and glorify (Him) in the afternoon and in the morning.”42. And (remember) when the angels said; “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the ‘Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).” Surah Ale-Imran;  41-42) .”And (remember) she who guarded her chastity. We breathed into her of Our spirit, and We made her and her son a sign for all peoples (Surah Al-Anbiyaa;  91).  While describing people who were good examples for others] “…And Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity. And We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit.She testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of His Revelations, and was one of the devout (servants)” (Surah At-Tahrim; 12).”Christ, the son of Mary, was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how God makes His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!” (Surah Al-Maidah;  75).

What does the Qur’an say about property and wealth? They are tests of ones faith155. And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.). (Surah Al-Baqarah; ; 155).

What does the Qur’an say about the shape of the Earth? The Qur’an says that the Earth is not exactly round like a ball,  but geo-spherical, i.e. it is flattened at the poles. The following verse contains a description of the earth’s shape; Qur’an says “And the earth, moreover, hath He made egg shaped.” (Qur’an 79;30) The Arabic word for egg here is dahaahaa which means an ostrich-egg. The shape of an ostrich-egg resembles the geo-spherical shape of the earth. Thus the Qur’an correctly describes the shape of the earth, though the prevalent notion when the Qur’an was revealed was that the earth was flat..

What does the Qur’an state about the motion of the sun? The Qur’an says that the sun, moon and all celestial bodies rotate in their own axis – Previously, scientists and physicists thought that the sun was stationary and did not rotate about its axis like the Earth. In 1512 the astronomer Nicholas Copernicus put forward his theory that the Sun is motionless at the centre of the solar system, and that the planets revolve around it. The belief that the Sun is stationary was widespread amongst astronomers until the 20th century. It is now a well-established scientific fact that the Sun is not stationary, but is moving in an orbit around the centre of our Milky Way galaxy. The Qur’an mentions the orbit of the Sun;“It is He who created night and day, the Sun and the Moon, each floating in its orbit.” (Surah Al-Anbiyah’;33)The Qur’an would have been wrong according to astronomers just a couple of decades ago. But we now know that the Qur’anic account of the Sun’s motion is consistent with modern Astronomy.However Qur’an confirmed the truth 1,430 years earlier that the sun also rotates in its own axis, which was discovered only recently. The sun travels through space at roughly 240 km per second, and takes about 200 million years to complete one revolution around the centre of our Milky Way Galaxy. It is mentioned in the Qur’an “It is not permitted to the Sun to catch up the Moon, nor can the Night outstrip the Day; Each (just) swims along in (its own) orbit (according to Law).” (Qur’an 36;40) The existence of the individual orbits of the sun and moon, and their journey through space with their own motion, has only recently been discovered by modern science.

What does the Qur’an state about the mountains and their reason for existence? The Qur’an states that mountains act like stakes or tent pegs that hold the earth’s crust and give it stability – Geologists tell us that the radius of the Earth is about 6,035 km and the crust on which we live is very thin. Since the crust is thin, it has a high possibility of shaking. Mountains act like stakes or tent pegs that hold the earth’s crust and give it stability. The Qur’an contains exactly such a description; Modern earth sciences have proven that mountains have deep roots under the surface of the ground and that these roots can reach several times their elevations above the surface of the ground. So the most suitable word to describe mountains on the basis of this information is the word ‘peg,’ since most of a properly set peg is hidden under the surface of the ground.  The history of science tells us that the theory of mountains having deep roots was introduced only in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Mountains also play an important role in stabilizing the crust of the earth.  They hinder the shaking of the earth.  God has said in the Qur’an; And He has set firm mountains in the earth so that it would not shake with you…  (Surah An-Nahl;15) The Qur‘an draws attention to a very important geological function of mountains; 31. And We have placed on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with them, and We placed therein broad highways for them to pass through, that they may be guided. (Surah Al-Anbiyah’;31) The verse states that mountains perform the function of preventing shocks in the earth. This fact was not known by anyone at the time the Qur’an was revealed. It was, in fact, brought to light only recently, as a result of the findings of modern geological research. Formerly, it was thought that mountains were merely protrusions rising above the surface of the earth. However, scientists realized that this was not actually the case, and that those parts known as the mountain root extended down as far as 10-15times their own height. With these features, mountains play a similar role to a nail or peg firmly holding down a tent. For example, the Mount Everest, the summit of which stands approximately 9 km above the surface of the earth, has a root deeper than 125 km. In other verses, this role of mountains is pointed out by a comparison with ”pegs”; 6. Have We not made the earth as a bed,7. And the mountains as pegs? (Surah An-Naba’;6-7)  and  “He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds.” (Surah Luqman; 10). Again, this is a relatively new discovery that mountains (like teeth) are deeply rooted into the earth (mantle), as anchors to help stabilise the full system of earth, including the mountains themselves. They keep the earth in balance during the rotation, they prevent slippage of layers of earth during the rotation, and similarly to tree roots they keep mountains firmly in place. Likewise, the modern theory of plate tectonics holds that mountains work as stabilizers for the earth.  This knowledge about the role of mountains as stabilizers for the earth has just begun to be understood in the framework of plate tectonics since the late 1960’s..

What does the running or swift walking of pilgrims seven times between the hills of Safaa and Marwah represent? Prophet Abraham (PBUH) left his wife Hagar and his infant son Prophet Ishmael (PBUH) to direct our attention to a principle governing this universe. When Prophet Abraham (PBUH) hurried back Hagar (may Allah (SWT) be pleased with her) laid hold of the reins of his riding animal and said, ‘To whom are you leaving us?’ but Prophet Abraham (PBUH) did not answer back. Then Hagar said, ‘Allah (SWT) ordered you so?’ and he beckoned to her affirmatively, so she said, ‘Then He will never leave us be lost. ‘The running between the hills of Safaa and Marwah, represents the effort Hagar took to find water for the thirsty infant, running between the hills. That is the first principle of faith; if Allah (SWT) settled you in a place, He will never let you be lost, however powerless are all causes and means to offer you anything. Allah (SWT), the Exalted mentions in the Qur’an “Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations.” (Surah An-Naml; 62).

What does the testimony, “There is no god but Allah” mean? It means that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Who has no partners or rivals with Him in Worship or Dominion. Allah the Most High says; “That is because Allah -He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Balil (falsehood). And verily, Allah – He is the Most High, the Most . Great}. (Surah Al-Hajj;  62)

What does the Qur’an say about sectarian violence? Modern-day violence among sects of Islam often spring primarily from political, not religious, motives. The Qur’an is very clear in its guidance to Muslims that it is wrong to divide into sects and fight one another.”As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, you have no part of them in the least. Their affair is with Allah; He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did.” (Surah Al-An’am; 159) “Surely, this brotherhood of yours is a single brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher. Therefore serve me and no other. But they broke their religion into sects among them; yet they will all return to Us.” (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 92-93)  “And surely this brotherhood of your is a single brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher. Therefore fear Me and no other. But people have broken their religion into sects, each group rejoicing in that which is with them. But leave them in their confused ignorance for a time.” (“Surah Al-Hajj; 52-54)  Turn back in repentance to Him, and fear Him. Establish regular prayers, and be not among those who ascribe partners to God — those who split up their religion, and become mere sects, each party rejoicing in that which is with itself!” (Surah Ar-Rum; 3-132) “The believers are but a single Brotherhood. So make peace and reconciliation between your two contending brothers, and observe your duty to God, that you may receive mercy.” (Surah Al-Hujuraat;; 10-11) The Qur’an is clear in its condemnation of sectarian violence, and also speaks against terrorism and the harming of innocent people. In addition to the guidance of the Qur’an, the Prophet Muhammad also warned his followers about breaking into groups and fighting one another. .On one occasion, the Prophet drew a line in the sand and told his Companions that this line is the Straight Path.He then drew additional lines, coming off the main line like branches springing from a tree. He told them that each diverted path had a shaytan along it, calling people to misguidance. In another narration, it is said that the Prophet told his followers, “Beware! The People of the Book were split up into seventy-two sects, and this community will be split into seventy-three. Seventy-two of them will go to Hell, and one of them will go to Paradise, the majority group.” Snv

What evidence is needed if the husband accuses his wife of adultery? 6. And for those who accuse their wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let the testimony of one of them be four testimonies (i.e. testifies four times) by Allah that he is one of those who speak the truth. 7. And the fifth (testimony) (should be) the invoking of the Curse of Allah  on him if he be of those who tell a lie (against her). (Surah an-Nur; 6-7).

What five things Allah (SWT) prohibited? “Say (O Muhammad (PBUH); “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from; Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand. (Surah al-Anaam; 151).

What for is the Qur’an? Fourteen centuries ago, Allah (SWT) sent down the Qur’an to mankind as a book of guidance. He called upon people to be guided to the truth by adhering to this book. From the day of its revelation to the Day of Judgment, this last divine book, the Holy Qur’an, will remain the sole guide, faith and a methodology of life for humanity. The matchless style of the Qur’an and its superior wisdom are definite evidence that it is the word of God. In addition, the Qur’an has many miraculous attributes proving that it is a revelation from God. One of these attributes is the fact that a number of scientific truths that we have only been able to uncover by the technology of the 20th century were stated in the Qur’an 1,400 years ago. Of course the Qur’an is not a book of science. However, many scientific facts that are expressed in an extremely concise and profound manner in its verses have only been discovered with the technology of the 20th century. These facts could not have been known at the time of the Qur’an’s revelation, and this is still more proof that the Qur’an is the word of God. Allah (SWT) says in Qur’an ; “Surely this Qur’an guides to the way that is straightest and gives good tidings to the believers who do deeds of righteousness, that theirs shall be a great wage.” (“Surah Al-Kahf; 9)  This (the Qur’an) is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction to those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious ). (Surah Ale-Imran; 138) And this is a blessed Book (the Qur’an) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah (i.e. do not disobey His Orders), that you may receive mercy (i.e. saved from the torment of Hell). (Surah Al-Anam;155) And this Qur’an is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it [i.e. the Taurat (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws and orders, etc, decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt from the the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns,and all that exists). (Surah Yunus;  37)` Allah’s revelation as a whole throughout the ages is “the Book”. The Law of Moses and the Gospel of Jesus were portions of the Book. The Qur’an confirms, fulfils, completes and further explains the one true revelation, which has been sent by one true God in all ages and is par excellence the Book of Allah. O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers. (Surah Yunus;  57) Alif-Lam-Ra.[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad ) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Islamic Monotheism) by their Lord’s Leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all Praise. (Surah Ibrahim; 1) And We have not sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad ), except that you may explain clearly unto them those things in which they differ, and (as) a guidance and a mercy for a folk who believe. (Surah An-Nahl 64) And surely, We have explained [Our Promises, Warnings and (set forth many) examples] in this Qur’an that they (the disbelievers) may take heed, but it increases them in naught save aversion. (Surah Al-Asraa 41) Things are explained in the Qur’an from all points of view, individual and national, by means of stories, parables and figures of speech, and by way of categorical commands. But those who are evil, instead of profiting by such instruction, often go farther and farther away from truth. And indeed We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur’an, for mankind. But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything. (Surah Al-Kahf;  54) Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Qur’an) to His slave (Muhammad ) that he may be a warner to the ‘Alamin(mankind and jinns). (Surah Al-Furqan 1) And thus We have sent down the Book (i.e this Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad ), and those whom We gave the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) aforetime] believe therein as also do some of these (who are present with you now like ‘Abdullah bin Salam) and none but the disbelievers reject Our Ayat [(proofs, signs, verses, lessons, etc., and deny Our Oneness of Lordship and Our Oneness of worship and Our Oneness of Our Names and Qualities; i.e. Islamic Monotheism)]. (Surah Al-Ankabut; 47) It is Allah Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) in truth, and the Balance (i.e. to act justly). And what can make you know that perhaps the Hour is close at hand?  (Surah Ash-Shurah; 17) In order to understand the scientific miracle of the Qur’an, we must first take a look at the level of science at the time when this holy book was revealed.  In the 7th century, when the Qur’an was revealed, Arab society had many superstitious and groundless beliefs where scientific issues were concerned. Lacking the technology to examine the universe and nature, these early Arabs believed in legends inherited from past generations. They supposed, for example, that mountains supported the sky above. They believed that the earth was flat and that there were high mountains at its both ends. It was thought that these mountains were pillars that kept the vault of heaven high above. However all these superstitious beliefs of Arab society were eliminated with the Qur’an. It was said; “Allah is He who raised up the heavens without any pillars, that you can see ” (Surah Ar-Ra’d; 2). “Soon will We show them our signs in the furthest horizons, and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this  is the Truth…” (“Surah Fussilat; 53) Let’s take for example this verse; 5. O mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then verily! We have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that We may make (it) clear to you (i.e. to show you Our Power and Ability to do what We will). And We cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and puts forth every lovely kind (of growth). (Surah Al-Hajj;  5) Qur’an encourages all that helps reveal the secret of the universe and existence, and strengthens faith to Allah. “20. Say; “Travel in the land and see how (Allah) originated creation, and then Allah will bring forth (resurrect) the creation of the Hereafter (i.e. resurrection after death). Verily, Allah is Able to do all things.” (Surah Al-Ankabut 20).

What glad tiding Allah (SWT) given to Ibraheem (AS) in his old age? One day three handsome strangers, whom Ibrahim AS naturally enough took to be travellers, appeared at his door. When they entered upon him and said, “Salam.”, the greetings of believers.  (Surah Al-Hijr;52) Surprised by their presence, Ibrahim AS said, “Indeed, we are fearful of you.”Then, desiring to give his guests his best hospitality, he did not delay in bringing [them] a roasted calf.( Surah Hud;69) When he saw that they would not eat, he mistrusted them and felt apprehensive of them. (Surah Hud;70) And he expressed his feelings of fear frankly to them. (Surah Al-Hijr;52)But they reassured him and made known to him that they were angels – Jibrael, Mikael and Israfil AS – who had been sent by their Lord to run a two-fold errand.They said, “Fear not. We have been sent to the people of Lut.” And his wife was standing, and she smiled. Then We gave her good tidings of Is’haq and after Is’haq, Yaakub. (Surah Hud;70-71) The angels had a second errand which concerned Ibrahim AS personally – and equally – to his wife. And they made it known. “Indeed, we give you good tidings of a learned boy.” (Surah Al-Hijr;53)  Ibrahim AS reacted with natural disbelief. Did they really mean such good tidings of a son at such an old age? Ibrahim AS rejoiced, as it became clear to him that this announcement had in truth come from none other than Allah Himself. Impossible though it might be according to human experience, it was evident that he was now destined to become the father of a second son – this time from the barren, aged Sarah. Sarah reacted with disbelief and unbearable sadness. But the angels reassured her. (Surah Adh-Dhariyat (:29-30) The seemingly impossibility of the thing kept Sarah from trusting the news she had been given. She cried in the bitter agony of an aged woman who has remained barren throughout her life. She said, “Woe to me! Shall I give birth while I am an old woman and this, my husband, is an old man? Indeed, this is an amazing thing!” (Surah Hud;72) The angels responded, reminding them of Allah’s Mercy and Blessings upon them and people of the house. (Surah Hud;73) Thus Allah gave Ibrahim AS and Sarah the good tidings of Is’haq, a prophet from among the righteous 112. And We gave him the glad tidings of Ishaque (Isaac) a Prophet from the righteous.113. We blessed him and Ishaque (Isaac), and of their progeny are (some) that do right, and some that plainly wrong themselves. (Surah As-Saffat;112-113) Then, as if that were not enough, they were also informed of a grandson to come, according to Allah’s words,Then We gave her good tidings of Isaac and after Isaac, Jacob. (Surah Hud;71) Through the birth of Is’haq AS, Allah Most Gracious once again wrought a miracle for His Friend, contravening all known natural laws. And according to his endlessly wise, all-embracing divine plan, the second thus granted to Ibrahim AS and Sarah in their advanced old age was, like his half-brother Ismail AS, destined to become a vital link in the future of revealed religion.Although Is’haq AS is mentioned in the Qur’an 16 times, nothing his reported concerning his life-story.

What God says about the concept of migration? 41. And as for those who emigrated for the Cause of Allah, after suffering oppression, We will certainly give them goodly residence in this world, but indeed the reward of the Hereafter will be greater, if they but knew! (Surah An-Nahl; 41)97. Verily! As for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them); “In what (condition) were you?” They reply; “We were weak and oppressed on earth.” They (angels) say; “Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein?” Such men will find their abode in Hell – What an evil destination! (Surah An-Nisaa’;97)218. Verily, those who have believed, and those who have emigrated (for Allah’s Religion) and have striven hard in the Way of Allah, all these hope for Allah’s Mercy. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah; ;218 )110. Then, verily! Your Lord for those who emigrated after they had been put to trials and thereafter strove hard and fought (for the Cause of Allah) and were patient, verily, your Lord afterward is, Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. ( Surah An-Nahl;110 )72. Verily, those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard and fought with their property and their lives in the Cause of Allah as well as those who gave (them) asylum and help, – these are (all) allies to one another. And as to those who believed but did not emigrate (to you O Muhammad ), you owe no duty of protection to them until they emigrate , but if they seek your help in religion, it is your duty to help them except against a people with whom you have a treaty of mutual alliance, and Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. (Surah Al-Anfal;72 ) 74.  And those who believed, and emigrated and strove hard in the Cause of Allah (Al-Jihad), as well as those who gave (them) asylum and aid; – these are the believers in truth, for them is forgiveness and Rizqun Karim (a generous provision i.e. Paradise).75. And those who believed afterwards, and emigrated and strove hard along with you, (in the Cause of Allah) they are of you. But kindred by blood are nearer to one another regarding inheritance in the decree ordained by Allah. Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything. (Surah Al-Anfal; 74-75)58. Those who emigrated in the Cause of Allah and after that were killed or died, surely, Allah will provide a good provision for them. And verily, it is Allah Who indeed is the Best of those who make provision. (Surah Al-Hajj ;58)20. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allah’s Cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah. They are the successful. ( Surah At-Taubah;20)195. So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who fought, and were killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards.” (Surah Ale-Imran 195).

What God taught Adam? God told mankind that He did not create them except that they should worship Him. Everything in this world was created for Adam and his descendants, in order to aid us in our ability to worship and know God. Due to God’s infinite Wisdom, Adam and his descendants were to be the caretakers on earth, so God taught Adam what he needed to know to perform this duty. God mentions; “31. And He taught Adam all the names (of everything) , then He showed them to the angels and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; ;31) God gave Adam the ability to identify and designate names to everything; He taught him language, speech and the ability to communicate. God imbued Adam with an insatiable need for and love of knowledge. After Adam had learned the names and uses for all things God said to the Angels…”‘tell me the names of these if you are truthful.’ 32. They (angels) said; “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; ;32) God turned to Adam and said; “33. He said; “O Adam! Inform them of their names,” and when he had informed them of their names, He said; “Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?” (Surah Al-Baqarah; ;33) Adam tried to speak with the Angels, but they were occupied worshipping God. The Angels were given no specific knowledge or freedom of will, their sole purpose being to worship and praise God. Adam, on the other hand, was given the ability to reason, make choices and identify objects and their purpose. This helped to prepare Adam for his coming role on earth..

What guidance does Allah (SWT) give with regard to the communication of the message of Islam to people who show signs of prejudice against it? 9. Therefore remind (men) in case the reminder profits (them).10. The reminder will be received by him who fears (Allah), (Surah al-A’la; 9-10).  The Prophet is commanded to remind other people of the truth, whether or not they seem likely to accept it. Those who tear Allah (SWT) will accept it, while the ungrateful will turn aside and end in the fire..

What happened after Adam and his wife ate from the tree? `36. Then the Shaitan (Satan) made them slip there from (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said; “Get you down, all, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.” (Surah Al-Baqarah; 36).

What happened to the body of Pharaoh of the Exodus? The Biblical version of Pharaoh’s story states that he was drowned in the pursuit of Prophet Moses (Exodus 14;28-29). Unknown to the world till only of late, the Holy Qur’an made a definite prediction about the preservation of the body of that same Pharaoh of Moses’ time “90. And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning overtook him, he said; “I believe that La ilaha illa (Huwa); (none has the right to be worshipped but) He,” in Whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).”91. Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.).92. So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs , revelations, etc.).” (Surah Yunus; 90-92). The body was discovered in the tomb of Amenhotep II in 1898. snv

What happened to the previous nations when they disobeyed Allah (SWT)? So We punished each (of them) for his sins; of them were some on whom We sent Hasib (a violent wind with shower of stones) (as on the people of Lut (Lot), and of them were some who were overtaken by As-saihah (torment – awful cry. (as Thamud or Shuabs people), and of them were some whem We caused the earth to swallow (as Qarun (Korah), and of them were some whom We drowned (as the people of Nuh (Nuh), or Firaun (Pharaoh) and his people). It was not Allah (SWT) Who wronged them, but they wronged themselves. (Surah Al Ankabut;  40)

What happens to humans when they live long?  68. And he whom We grant long life, We reverse him in creation (weakness after strength). Will they not then understand? (Surah Ya-Sin;  68).

What happens to the clouds before the rain?  43. See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight. 44. Allah causes the night and the day to succeed each other (i.e. if the day is gone, the night comes, and if the night is gone, the day comes, and so on). Truly, in these things is indeed a lesson for those who have insight. (Surah An-Nur;  43-44).

What happens to those who eat up the property of orphans? 10. Verily, those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, they eat up only a fire into their bellies, and they will be burnt in the blazing Fire!(Surah an-Nisaa;10 ).

What happens to those who invent lies against Allah (SWT)? 116. And say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely; “This is lawful and this is forbidden,” so as to invent lies against Allah (SWT). Verily, those who invent lies against Allah (SWT) will never prosper. (Surah an-Nahl; 116 ).

What happens to those who lend Allah (SWT) a goodly loan? 18. Verily, those who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat and alms, etc.), men and women, and lend to Allah (SWT) a goodly loan, it shall be increased manifold (to their credit), and theirs shall be an honourable good reward (i.e. Paradise). (Surah al-Hadid; 18).

What Has Allah (SWT) Commanded us to do secretly and openly? 31. Say (O Muhammad (PBUH) to ‘Ibadi (My slaves) who have believed, that they should perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and spend in charity out of the sustenance We have given them, secretly and openly, before the coming of a Day on which there will be neither mutual bargaining nor befriending. (Surah Ibrahim; 31.).

What has been created from water? 45. Allah has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some that walk on four. Allah (SWT) creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do all things. (Surah an-Nur; 45 ).

What has everything been created with? 49.  Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz). (Surah al-Qamar;  49 ).

What healing could be there in the shirt of the Prophet Yousof? Allah the Almighty describes Jacob; “And he turned away from them, and said, ‘Ah, how great is my grief forJoseph.’  And his eyes turned white because of the sorrow that he chocked within him.” (Surah Yusuf; 84) Whiteness, which is termed as cataract, affecting the eye is the opacity of the eye lens that prevents, partially or totally, the entry of  light into the eye according to the degree of opacity. What Prophet Yousof (PBUH) did, through a revelation from Allah, was that he asked his brothers to take the shirt of healing to their father; “Go, take this shirt, and do you cast it on my father’s face , and he shall recover his sight; then bring me your family altogether.” (Surah Yusuf;  93)“So, when the caravan set forth, their father ( Jacob ) said, ‘surely I perceive Yousof’s scent, unless you think me doting’. They said; ‘By Allah, you are certainly in your ancient error.’ But when the bearer of good tidings came  to him, and laid it (Yousof’s shirt) on his face, forthwith he saw once again.  He said; ‘Did I not tell you I know from Allah that you know not?’ (Surah Yusuf; 94-96) What healing could be there in the shirt of the Prophet, Yusuf? After meditation, the Egyptian Moslem scientist, Dr. Abdul Basit Sayed Mohammed, did not find except sweat.  He began to search the components of sweat. He immersed lenses extracted from traditional surgeries of cataract in the sweat.  He found out that a state of gradual transparency is established in these opaque lenses. The second question was; are all sweat components effective in such a case or is it only one of its components?  He later realized that one of its main components was the urea (Goandin), and which could be chemically prepared. Results of investigations on 250 volunteers revealed removal of cataract and restoration of sight for more than 90%. So, inspired by the Surah of Yusuf, the Moslem scientist  Dr. Abdul Basit Sayed Mohammed of the National Centre of Researches in Egypt was able to manufacture an eye drop to treat the cataract, and obtained two international patents; The an International Patent in 1991, and the American Patent in 1993.  Allah the Almighty said; “And We send down, of the Qur’an, that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers.” (Surah Israa; 82)

What if Satan tempts us with the question; “Who created Allah (SWT)”? If Satan tempts you with this question you should seek refuge in Allah (SWT), as Allah (SWT) says; “And if an evil whisper from Satan tries to turn you away (O Muhammad (PBUH) (from doing good etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower” (Surah Fussilat; 36) Allah (SWT)’s Messenger taught us to resist Satan’s deceptions by saying; “I believe in Allah and His Messenger. He is Allah, (the) One. Allah us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him’ Then to spit over the left shoulder three times, seeking refuge from Satan, when this is done the temptation will pass. One should say in response to this question that Allah (SWT) is the Creator and that He has not been created, to make this easier to understand, we may say for example; One comes before two, and nothing comes before one   Allah (SWT) is One, nothing comes before Him. As The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said “Allah (SWT), You are the First, there was nothing before You.” (Muslim).

What is “sincere intention”? When all good deeds, said or done, are meant for the sake of Allah (SWT) only. The Qur’an says, “And they have been commanded no more than this; to worship Allah (SWT), offering Him sincere devotion…,” and says, “He who seeks no reward from anyone, but only thedesire to please His Lord the mostHigh.” (Surah al-Lail; 19-20 ).

What is a story of prophet Alyasa mentioned in the Quran? Alyasa (Elisha) is a prophet sent to sons of Israel. The following is stated in the Quran: And commemorate Ismaeel, Alyasa, and Dhul Kifl: each of them was of the company of the Good ( Sad, 38/48).

What is a story of prophet Ayub (Job) is mentioned in the Quran?  Ayub (Job) is one of the grandsons of Ishaq. He was sent as a prophet to the region of Damascus during the time of Hazrat Yousuf. He had children and a lot of properties and estates. While he was leading a life like that and thanking Allah, Allah first took his properties and estates then his children with some misfortunes and then gave him an illness. Thus, Ayub was put under a hard test but he faced that test with patience and thanking. His patience is still used as an idiom since he was patient against misfortunes. When his illness prevented him from mentioning and glorifying Allah, he prayed Allah. His prayer is stated as follows in the Quran: And (remember) Job, when he cried to his Lord “Truly distress has seized me But You are the Most Merciful of those that are merciful. (Surah al-Anbiya;83). His prayer was answered by Allah and he recovered his health and then his previous bounties. That issue is stated as follows in the Quran: Commemorate Our servant Job, Behold he cried to his Lord: “The Evil One has afflicted me with distress and suffering”! (The command was given) “Strike with your foot: here is (water) wherein to wash, cool and refreshing and (water) to drink. ” And We gave him (back) his people and doubled their number ― as a Grace from Ourselves, and a thing for commemoration, for all who have Understanding. (Surah Sad;41-43).
The stories of prophets, that is, what they experienced do not concern only their times and their people, all of the nations that will come till the Day of Judgment have something to learn from them. For instance, the lesson that people who live today will draw from the story of Ayub is indicated as follows: Corresponding to the outer wounds and sicknesses of Ayub, we have inner sicknesses of the spirit and heart. If our inner being was to be turned outward, and our outer being turned inward, we would appear more wounded and diseased than Job. For each sin that we commit and each doubt that enters our mind, inflicts wounds on our heart and our spirit. The wounds of Ayub (PBUH) were of such a nature as to threaten his brief worldly life, but our inner wounds threaten our infinitely long everlasting life. We need the supplication of Hazrat Ayub thousands of times more than he did himself. Just as the worms that arose from his wounds penetrated to his heart and tongue, so too the wounds that sin inflicts upon us and the temptations and doubts that arise from those wounds will penetrate our inner heart, the seat of belief, and thus wound belief. Penetrating too the spiritual joy of the tongue, the interpreter of belief, they cause it to shun in revulsion the remembrance of God, and reduce it to silence.
Sin, penetrating to the heart, will blacken and darken it until it extinguishes the light of belief. Within each sin is a path leading to unbelief. Unless that sin is swiftly obliterated by seeking God’s pardon, it will grow from a worm into a snake that gnaws on the heart. Some examples that sins lead to unbelief: For example, a man who secretly commits a shameful sin will fear the disgrace that results if others become aware of it. Thus, the existence of angels and spirit beings will be hard for him to endure, and he will long to deny it, even on the strength of the slightest indication.Similarly, one who commits a major sin deserving of the torment of Hell, will desire the non-existence of Hell wholeheartedly, and whenever he hears of the threat of Hell-fire, he will dare to deny it on the strength of a slight indication and doubt, unless he takes up in protection the shield of repentance and seeking forgiveness. For instance, the laziness of a man, in fulfilling his obligation, who does not perform the obligatory prayer and does not fulfill his duty of worship will distress him greatly. On account of that distress, he will desire and say to himself: “Would that there were no such duty of worship!” In turn, there will arise from that desire a desire to deny God, and bear enmity toward Him. If some doubt concerning the existence of the Divine Being comes to his heart, he will be inclined to embrace it like a conclusive proof. A wide gate to destruction will be opened in front of him. If the trouble caused by the duty of worship for a man who stops worshipping is like the bite of a gnat, then the spiritual troubles that will be caused by disobedience in the world and the torment of Hell he will undergo are terrifying like the bite of a snake.As in the examples above, if sins are not repented, they will affect, blacken and toughen the heart until the light of belief is extinguished. This state is stated as follows in a verse: But on their hearts is the stain of the (ill) which they do (Surah al-Mutaffifin;14)

What is a story of prophet David (Dawood) mentioned in the Quran? Dawood (David) is from the descent of Hazrat Yaqoobs son, Yahuda. He was sent to sons of Israel as both a prophet and a ruler. He was given Psalms, one of the four great books. His name is mentioned in several places in the Quran. In a verse about him, the following is stated: And it is your Lord that knows best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some Prophets more (and other) gifts than on others: and We gave to David (the gift of) the Psalms. (al-Isra, 17/55).A verse informs that birds and mountains bowed to Dawood stating the following:…it was Our power that made the hills and the birds celebrate Our praises with David: it was We Who did (these things)… (al-Anbiya, 21/79). Dawood had a wonderful voice. When he recited the Psalms, the listeners had spiritual pleasures. He softened iron with his hands like wax as a miracle and made armors out of iron. He earned a living through his own hands. He did not want to take money from the Treasury.

What is a story of prophet Dhul Kifl (Ezekiel) mentioned in the Quran?  Dhul Kifl is known as the son of Ayub. He was sent as a prophet to people living in the neighborhood of Damascus. He is mentioned in the following verses: And (remember) Ismaeel, Idris and Dhul Kifl, all (men) of constancy and patience; We admitted them to Our Mercy: for they were of the Righteous ones. (al-Anbiya, 21/85-86).And commemorate Ismaeel, Elias, and Dhul Kifl: each of them was of the company of the Good. (Sad, 38/48).

What is a story of prophet Eesa mentioned in the Quran?  Eesa (JesusChrist) is the fourth of the great prophets. Eesa is Maryam’s son. It is a miracle that he was born without a father. Therefore, his birth is likened to that of Adam in the Glorious Quran. The following is stated in the verse regarding it: This similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam: He created him from dust, then said to him: “Be” and he was. (Aal-e-Imran, 3/59).Allah, Who created Adam out of dust without a father and mother, created Eesa without a father. The verse quoted above indicates that Maryam was chaste apart from expressing the eternity of the power of Allah. The following is stated in the Quran regarding it: Relate in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them: then We sent to her Our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects. She said: “I seek refuge from you to (Allah) Most Gracious: (come not near) if you do fear Allah.” He said: “Nay, I am only a messenger from your Lord (to announce) to you the gift of a holy son.” She said: “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” He said: “So (it will be): your Lord said `That is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us’: it is a matter (so) decreed.” So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a remote place. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree: she cried (in her anguish): “Ah! would that I had died before this! Would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight!” But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm-free): “Grieve not! for your Lord has provided a rivulet beneath thee; “And shake towards yourself the trunk of the palm-tree: it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee. “So eat and drink and cool (your) eye. And if you do see any man say `I have vowed a fast to (Allah) Most Gracious, and this day will I enter into no talk with any human being.’ ” At length she brought the (babe) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). they said: “O Mary! truly an amazing thing have you brought! “O sister of Aaron! your father was not a man of evil, nor your mother a woman unchaste!” But she pointed to the babe. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” He said: “I am indeed a servant of Allah: He has given me revelation and made me a prophet; “And He has made me Blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live; “(He) has made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable (Maryam, 19/16-32). The Jews, who saw that miracle, avoided punishing Maryam. When Eesa became thirty years old, he received the Gospel and the duty of prophethood. He called the Jews to the straight path and gave them good advice. He showed the great miracles. However, very few people believed in him. Those people who believed in him are called disciples. According to a narration, they were twelve people. Eventually, the Jews decided to kill Eesa. They hanged a man whom they mistook for Eesa in the center of execution in Quds (Jerusalem). Eesa was ascended to the heaven by the command and power of Allah.

What is a story of prophet Elijah mentioned in the Quran?  Elias (Elijah) He is one of the prophets sent to sons of Israel. Almighty God states the following regarding the issue: And Zakaria and Yahya and Eesa and Elias: all in the ranks of the Righteous (al-Anaam, 6/85). Elias is a blessed prophet sent to sons of Israel. Sons of Israel began to worship idols after Sulaiman. They did not obey Hazrat Elias, who was sent to them by Allah as a mercy. They drove him out of their land. However, consequently, they underwent famine; they repented. They sought Elias and found him. They obeyed him for some time but then they started to disobey him again.

What is a story of prophet Haroon mentioned in the Quran?  Haroon(Aaron) He is Musa’s brother. Upon Musa’s prayer, he was appointed as a prophet to help Musa. The following is stated in the Glorious Quran regarding Haroon: And give me a Minister from my family, Aaron, my brother; Add to my strength through him, And make him share My task: That we may celebrate Your praise without stint, And remember You without stint: For You are He that (ever) regards us.” (Allah) said: “Granted is your prayer, O Moses!” (Taha, 20/29-36).

What is a story of prophet Hud mentioned in the Quran?  Hud comes from the descent of Hazrat Nuh’s son, Sam. The 11th chapter of the Quran was named after him. He is the prophet that was sent to the nation of Ad in Yemen: To the Ad people, (We sent) Hood one of their (own) brethren: he said: “O my people! worship Allah! you have no other god but Him. Will yet not fear (Allah)?” (al-Araf, 7/65). The people of the nation of Ad were strong. They had built high and strong buildings. They were destroyed through a violent wind because they did not obey Hood. The Quran reports it as follows: And the `Ad― they were destroyed by a furious wind, exceedingly violent (Haaqqa, 69/6).

What is a story of prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) mentioned in the Quran?  Ibrahim (Abraham) is one of the prophets that is mentioned the most in the Glorious Quran. His struggle of oneness (tawheed) is often emphasized. He is the second of the great prophets. In addition, he is the only prophet that is loved and respected by all of the members of the three divine religions. He is famous for being khalilullah (friend of Allah) and his generosity. Two of the verses that praise him and his religion are as follows: Also mention in the Book (the story of) Abraham: he was a man of Truth, a prophet (Surah Maryam;41). Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in faith? For Allah did take Abraham for a friend. (Surah an-Nisa;125). Ibrahim was born in Babel. All of the people in his nation, including his father, were idolaters. He started to struggle against idolatry when he was very young. Once he broke the idols and put the axe over the neck of the biggest idol when everybody went out of the city for a ceremony. When he was asked Who did it to our gods? he showed the biggest idol and said, that biggest idol did it. Thus, he made them think. Then, they wanted to throw him into the fire, however, as a miracle Allah made the fire cool and safe for him. (Surah Al-Anbiya;51-68).In another verse, it is stated that he discussed with Namrud and silenced and astonished him with the evidence he put forward about the existence of Allah. (Surah Al-Baqarah;258). Ibrahim married Sara (Sarah). At first, she did not have any children, so he married Hajar (Hagar). Hajar gave birth to Ismaeel (Ishmael); Then Sara gave birth to Ishaq (Isaac).( Surah Hood;69-77).; (Surah Ibrahim;35-41)..He went to Makkah after Palestine, Egypt and Syria. There he built the Kaaba with his son Ismaeel. Upon the command of Allah, he wanted to sacrifice (slay) his son Ismaeel in Mina; he himself and his son passed that test and obtained the pleasure of Allah. (Surah Al-Baqarah;124-134).; (Surah as-Saaffat;83-113)..The grave of Ibrahim is in a place called Khalilurrahman near Quds (Jerusalem). Deeds like reciting khutbah (sermon), circumcision, cutting nails were first done by Ibrahim. In the Quran, the Prophet is told Tell them the story of Ibrahim and the story of Ibrahim (PBUH) is narrated as follows: Ibrahim (PBUH) tells his nation;- What do you worship? He asked. They said;- We worship idols and we shall continue to worship them. Ibrahim said;- All right, do they hear you when you beg them? Or do they do you good or harm? They said:- No, but we found our fathers doing so. Ibrahim said;- “Do you then see whom you have been worshipping― “You and your fathers before you?” For they are enemies to me; not so the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds; Who created me, and it is He Who guides me; Who gives me food and drink. And when I am ill, it is He Who cures me, Who will cause me to die, and then to live (again); “And Who, I hope will forgive me my faults on the Day of Judgment Then, he begged Allah as follows:- O my Lord! Bestow wisdom on me, and join me with the righteous; Grant me honorable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations); Make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss; Forgive my father, for that he is among those astray; And let me not be in disgrace on the Day when (men) will be raised up― The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail. Surah Ash-Shuara;69-88)..There was a religious ceremony that the nation of Ibrahim held and everybody took part in. They invited Ibrahim to that ceremony. However, with the excuse that he was ill, he did not take part in the ceremony. There was nobody else in the city. Taking advantage of their absence, Hazrat Ibrahim broke all of the idols to pieces except the biggest one, with an axe, and put the axe over the neck of the biggest idol. (Surah As-Saaffat;88-89).; (Surah al-Anbiya;58)..When the keeper of the temple returned, he was astonished to see what had happened; he informed the people about it. The people gathered in the temple, called Ibrahim, and asked him;- Did you do it to our gods, O Ibrahim. Ibrahim said;- Maybe the biggest one (the one with the axe over its neck) did it. Ask them if they can speak. Then they said to themselves; you are the cruel ones. That is, they blamed each other because they left the idols alone and unguarded. However they said to Ibrahim;- You know very well that they do not speak. Ibrahim said;- Do you then worship, besides Allah, things that can neither be of any good to you nor do you harm? Fie upon you and upon the things that you worship besides Allah! have you no sense?.Some of the people said; (Surah Al-Anbiya;66-67)..- Burn him and protect your gods if you do (anything at all)!. (Al-Anbiya, ;68)..Meanwhile, the people in the palace were informed about what had happened. They took Ibrahim before Namrud. They discussed the issue from the beginning. Ibrahim told Namrud that Allah was existent and that He was unique (one), that the idols could do no good or harm to anyone. Then, Namrud said he was a god. Ibrahim opposed it. Ibrahim said that he was a human being and that he could not be a god. Then Namrud asked him;- Tell me, who is your Lord?  Ibrahim said;
– My Lord is He Who gives life and death. Namrud said;- I give life and death. Then, Namrud sent for two people in the dungeon. He ordered one of them to be killed and he freed the other. Then, he turned to  Ibrahim and said;- You saw it. I gave life and death too. Then Hazrat Ibrahim said; – It is Allah that causes the sun to rise from the East: do you then cause it to rise from the West. Then, Namrud was appalled; he was confounded by something that he did not expect.( Surah Al-Baqarah;258)..Then Namrud ordered that Ibrahim would be burned. First, they put Ibrahim in the dungeon. Then, they built a high structure with thick walls in an open area. They made a big fire there and invited the people there. (Surah As-Saaffat;97)..They threw  Ibrahim into it. Then Almighty God said to the fire:We said “O Fire! Be thou cool, and (a means of)) safety for Abraham!” Then they sought a stratagem against him: but We made them the ones that lost most! (Surah al-Anbiya;68-70).Here, God Almighty showed a miracle of a prophet of His by not burning Ibrahim in the fire. Thus, God Almighty taught us a lesson that fire did not burn on its own that it would not burn if He did not let. We see something similar in the world. Fine and thin leaves like cigarette paper do not catch fire in spite of the sun’s scorching heat. One of the stories of Ibrahim (PBUH) is his discussion with his nation about gods. He saw the stars, the moon and the sun and told them that they rose and set therefore those rising and setting things could not be gods. He told his nation that he believed that Allah was unique (one) that he turned towards Allah that his Lord had power and ability to do anything that He created the heavens and the earth and that he was not a polytheist. (Surah Enam;76-79).

What is a story of prophet Idris (Enoch) mentioned in the Quran? Idris (Enoch)
His ancestry goes back to Seth, son of Adam. He is the grandfather of Nuh (PBUH). This verse gives information about him: Also mention in the Book the case of Idris: he was a man of truth (and sincerity), (and) a prophet: And We raised him to a lofty station. (Maryam, 19/56-57). Most of the artisans regard a prophet as their patron. For instance, Nuh (PBUH) is the patron for sailors, Yousuf (PBUH) for watch makers and Idris (PBUH) for tailors.
He is reported to be the first person to write with pen and to teach to plan and set up cities. Although he is said to have been born in Egypt, he probably lived in Babel.

What is a story of prophet Ishaq (Isaac) mentioned in the Quran?  Ishaq (Isaac) is the second son of  Ibrahim, after  Ismaeel. His mother is Sara. He was sent as a prophet to people living in Damascus and Palestine. There were a lot of prophets in his descent. The following is stated in the Quran: Say you: “We believe, in Allah and the revelation given to us and to Abraham, Ismaeel Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes and that given to Moses and Jesus and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord we make no difference between one and another of them and we bow to Allah (in Islam).” (al-Baqara, 2/136).

What is a story of prophet Ismaeel mentioned in the Quran?  Ismaeel (Ishmael) is the son of Ibrahim born of  Hajar (Hagar). The ancestry of  Muhammad (PBUH) goes back to him. He is famous for his obedience and steadiness when his father wanted to sacrifice (slay) him for Allah. The following is stated in the Quran regarding it: Then when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: “O my son! I see in vision that I offer you in sacrifice: now see what is your view!” (The son) said: “O my father! do as you are commanded: you will find me if Allah so wills one practicing Patience and Constancy!” So when they had both submitted (to Allah), and He had laid Him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice) We called out to him “O Abraham! You have already fulfilled the dream!”― thus indeed do We reward those who do right. For this was obviously a trial― And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice: And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times (as-Saaffat, 37/102-108).

What is a story of prophet Loot mentioned in the Quran?  Loot is the son of Aaron, Ibrahim’s brother. He was sent as a prophet to the people of Sodom who started the practice of homosexuality for the first time. They were destroyed totally, because they did not obey Loot and went on that disgusting deed. The following is stated in the verse about it: We also (sent) Loot: he said to his people: “Do you commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? For you practise your lusts on men in preference to women: you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.” And his people gave no answer but this: they said “Drive them out of your city: these are indeed men who want to be clean and pure!” But We saved him and his family except his wife: she was of those who lagged behind. And We rained down on them a shower (of brimstone): then see what was the end of those who indulged in sin and crime! (al-Araf, 7/80-84).

What is a story of prophet Muhammad (PBUH) mentioned in the Quran?  Muhammad (PBUH) name is mentioned in the Glorious Quran once as Ahmad and four times as Muhammad. Unlike other prophets, he is the last prophet and his prophethood is universaL.2323Saff, 61/6; Aal-e-Imran 3/144; al-Ahzab 33/40; Muhammad 47/7; al-Fatih 48/29.The following is stated in verse regarding it:Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of all things. (al-Ahzab, 33/40).In another verse, it is stated that Muhammad was sent for giving people glad tidings:We have not sent thee but as a (Messenger) to men, giving them Glad tidings, and warning them (against sin), but most men understand not. (Saba, 34/28).A verse indicates that he addresses all men as follows: Say: “What thing is most weighty in evidence?” Say: “Allah is Witness between me and you: this Qur’an has been revealed to me by inspiration that I may warn you and all whom it reaches. (Enam, 6/19).Muhammad (PBUH) was born in Makkah in the year 570.  Since his father died before his birth and his mother died shortly thereafter, he was raised by his uncle who was from the respected tribe of Quraysh.  He was raised illiterate, unable to read or write, and remained so till his death.  His people, before his mission as a prophet, were ignorant of science and most of them were illiterate.  As he grew up, he became known to be truthful, honest, trustworthy, generous, and sincere.  He was so trustworthy that they called him the Trustworthy.  Muhammad (PBUH) was very religious, and he had long detested the decadence and idolatry of his society. At the age of forty, Muhammad (PBUH) received his first revelation from God through the Angel Gabriel. The revelations continued for twenty-three years, and they are collectively known as the Qur’an. As soon as he began to recite the Qur’an and to preach the truth which God had revealed to him, he and his small group of followers suffered persecution from unbelievers.  The persecution grew so fierce that in the year 622 God gave them the command to emigrate.  This emigration from Makah to the city of Madinah, some 260 miles to the north, marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar. After several years, Muhammad (PBUH)  and his followers were able to return to Makkah, where they forgave their enemies.  Before Muhammad (PBUH)   died, at the age of sixty-three, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim, and within a century of his death, Islam had spread to Spain in the West and as far East as China.  Among the reasons for the rapid and peaceful spread of Islam was the truth and clarity of its doctrine.  Islam calls for faith in only one God, Who is the only one worthy of worship. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   was a perfect example of an honest, just, merciful, compassionate, truthful, and brave human being.  Though he was a man, he was far removed from all evil characteristics and strove solely for the sake of God and His reward in the Hereafter.  Moreover, in all his actions and dealings, he was ever mindful and fearful of God. ).

What is a story of prophet Musa mentioned in the Quran? Musa (Moses) was given one of the four great divine books, Torah. Musa’s father is Imran. His ancestry goes back to Yaqoob, Ishaq and Ibrahim. He is the third of the Great Prophets. His life, his struggle with the Pharaoh and his story are narrated repeatedly in many verses. Therefore, he is one of the mostly mentioned prophets in the Quran. (Surah al-Anaam;154)  (Surah al-Araf;150)  (Surah al-Qasas;43)  Musa was born in spite of the precautions like killing the newborn male children taken by the Pharaoh; besides, he was fostered in the Pharaohs palace by sucking the milk of his real mother. His brother, Haroon (Aaron), was appointed as an assistant prophet. They both went to the Pharaoh upon the command of Allah to call him to the oneness of Allah, they also wanted the Pharaoh to stop torturing sons of Israel and let sons of Israel go with them.( Surah al-Araf;103-104); (Surah Yunus;75)  (Surah al-Isra;101). However, the Pharaoh did not heed what Musa said despite seeing his miracles and did not give up the claim of being a god. He gathered together all of his skilled magicians to defeat  Musa; he got very angry when his magicians believed in Allah as a result of their defeat and cut off their hands and feet on opposite sides and executed them.(Surah Al-Baqarah;50)  (Surah Yunus;90) (Surah Taha;60-71). When Musa took the sons of Israel with him and went away, the Pharaoh immediately followed them with his soldiers. Just as he was about to catch them,  Musa was ordered by Allah Strike the sea with your stick when Musa saw the Red Sea in front of him; he struck and the sea opened up. After sons of Israel crossed the Red Sea and stepped on land, the Pharaoh and his soldiers, who were following them, were drowned in the sea. (Surah Ash-Shuara;63) (Surah Ash-Shuara;52-59) (Surah ad-Dukhan ;23) Musa’s life after the exodus was a struggle for correcting and improving his nation and striving against his unruly people. His nation, which was granted great bounties, did not accede to improve their behavior fully, and they were always condemned to derogation. Since they were inclined to go astray in the slightest opportunity, they did not obey  Haroon and started to worship the golden calf that Samiri made just after Musa went to Mount Sinai. (Surah Al-Baqarah;51, 92) (Surah an-Nisa;153) (Surah al-Araf;148, 152)   Sons of Israel were shaded by a cloud in the desert; they were fed by manna and quail miraculously by divine power easily. Musa wanted to take them to the Holy Land. However, since they avoided taking part in the war, they were punished to wander in the desert for forty years. Thus, after a new generation arose, Yusha Bin Nun, according to a sound view, was able to take them to the Holy Land.( Surah Al-Baqarah;57) (Surah Araf;160) (Surah Taha;80) (Surah al-Maeda;2)

What is a story of prophet Saleh mentioned in the Quran?  He was sent as a prophet to the nation of Thamud, which was also called Hijr, that lived between Damascus and Hijaz. The Quran points to it as follows:To the Thamud people (We sent) Saleh one of their own brethren: he said: “O my people! Worship Allah; you have no other god but Him. Now has come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of Allah is a sign unto you: so leave her to graze in Allah’s earth and let her come to no harm, or you shall be seized with a grievous punishment. (al-Araf, 7/73).The nation of Thamud was destroyed by a violent sound and quake because they disobeyed Allah by slaughtering the camel that was given to them as a miracle. In another verse, God Almighty states the following: Then they rejected him (as a false prophet), and they hamstrung her. So their Lord, on account of their crime, obliterated their traces and made them equal (in destruction, high and low)! (ash-Shams, 91/14). In another verse, the sequel of that nation is indicated as follows:But the Thamud― they were destroyed by a terrible storm of thunder and lightning! (al-Haaqqa, 69/5).

What is a story of prophet Shuaib (Jethro) mentioned in the Quran?  Shuaib (Jethro) is one of the grandchildren of Ibrahim. He was sent as a prophet to the cities of Madyan and Ayka. Almighty God states the following about  Shuaib: To the Madyan people We sent Shuaib, one of their own brothers: he said: “O my people! Worship Allah; You have no other god but Him. Now has come unto you a clear (sign) from your Lord! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from the people the things that are their due; and do no mischief on the earth after it has been set in order: that will be best for you, if you have Faith (al-Araf, 7/85). Shuaib gave some very good advice to the people of the cities Madyan and Ayka. However those atheist immoral and thieving people did not take the advice that was given to them. They did not give up their bad deeds. Eventually, the people of Ayka were eliminated after a period of seven days with intense heat and then a rain of fire from a cloud. As for the people of Madyan, they were destroyed by the sound of a torment and an earthquake.

What is a story of prophet Solomon mentioned in the Quran?  Sulaiman (Solomon) is Hazrat Dawoods son. He was both a prophet and a ruler like his father. Apart from his story regarding the queen of Saba, his name is mentioned in several verses. One of them is as follows: (It was Our power that made) the violent (unruly) wind flow (tamely) for Solomon, to his order, to the land which We had blessed: for We do know all things. (al-Anbiya, 21/81). Sulaiman could understand the language of birds and their desires as a miracle. His domination was valid for men, jinn and even winds. He had some writings about ethics and wisdom. He died at the age of fifty-three or sixty after a forty-year of magnificent rule.

What is a story of prophet Yahya mentioned in the Quran?  Yahya (John) is Hazrat Zakarias son. He is of the same age as Hazrat Eesa. He practiced the Shariah (laws) of Hazrat Musa before the Gospel was sent. After Hazrat Eesa was given the Gospel, he was appointed to practice the Shariah of Hazrat Eesa (PBUH). The chief of sons of Israel, Hiradus, wanted to marry his brothers daughter in accordance with the Shariah of Hazrat Musa. However, Hazrat Yahya said it would not be permissible any longer in accordance with the Shariah of Hazrat Eesa. Then, that innocent prophet was martyred by the chief when he was about 30 years old. Iliyas (Elias) And Zakariya (Zachariya), and Yahya (John) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) and Iliyas (Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. (Surah Al-Anam; 85),

What is a story of prophet Yaqoob (Jacob) mentioned in the Quran? Yaqoob (Jacob) is the grandson of Hazrat Ibrahim, coming from Hazrat Ishaq. His nickname is Israel and he lived in Palestine. He had twelve sons. A Jewish tribe comes from the descent of each one of his sons. The advice of Hazrat Yaqoob to his son is quoted as follows in the Quran:…Then, Behold, he said to his sons: “What will you worship after me?” They said: “We shall worship your God and the God of your fathers―of Abraham Ishmaeel and Isaac,―the one (true) God to Him we bow (in Islam).”(al-Baqara, 2/133).

What is a story of prophet Yousuf(Joseph) mentioned in the Quran?  Yousuf (Joseph) is one of the 12 sons of Hazrat Yaqoob and the most handsome one in creation. His exemplary story that started with a dream is narrated in detail Chapter Yousuf in the Quran named after him.This verse shows that he is a prophet: When Joseph attained his full manhood, We gave him power and knowledge: thus do We reward those who do right (Yousuf, 12/22).

What is a story of prophet Zakaria mentioned in the Quran?  Zakaria (Zacharias) is a great prophet from the descent of Hazrat Sulaiman. Hanna, the sister of Isha, who is Hazrat Zakarias wife, gave birth to a female child called Maryam from her husband Imran. The following is stated in the Quran about the vow Hanna made beforehand: Behold! a woman of Imran said: “O my Lord! I do dedicate into You what is in my womb for Your special service so accept this of me! for You hear and know all things.” (Aal-e-Imran, 3/35). As it is stated in the verse, Hanna gave her daughter to the service of Bayt al-Maqdis. Hazrat Zakaria (PBUH) took Maryam to her aunt, Isha. After growing up at her aunts, Maryam was engaged in praying in a private room allocated to her in Bayt al-Maqdis. That pure and chaste girl became pregnant as a powerful and wise work of Allah without meeting any man. She gave birth to Hazrat Eesa (Jesus). The Jews became suspicious because Hazrat Eesa was born without a father. They said, A child cannot be born without a father. However, they believed that Hazrat Adam was created without a father and a mother. The birth of Hazrat Eesa was a miracle of Allah. They slandered Hazrat Zakaria by saying that the childs father was him and martyred him at a very old age. Iliyas (Elias) And Zakariya (Zachariya), and Yahya (John) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) and Iliyas (Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. (Surah Al-Anam; 85)

What is a story of the prophets mentioned in the Quran? A story is the real, exemplary life story of the prophets mentioned in the Quran. The following are verses from the Quran related to the issue: We do relate unto you the most beautiful of stories, in that We reveal to you this (portion of the) Quran: before this you too were among those who knew it not.(Yousuf, 12/3).” We relate to you their story in truth: they were youths who believed in their Lord, and We advanced them in guidance…” (al-Kahf 18/13) and;”…. so relate the story; perchance they may reflect ” (al-Araf, 7/176). In another verse, the following is stated: There is, in their stories instruction for men endued with understanding. It is not a tale invented, but a confirmation of what went before it a detailed exposition of all things, and a Guide and a Mercy to any such as believe (Yousuf, 12/111).The stories in the Glorious Quran tell us primarily about three meanings: 1- The stories in the Quran traced the events in the past and brought light to them. That meaning also indicates that the stories are historically true. 2- The stories narrate important events in the past. 3- The stories eliminated the insignificant details in the events. They reported only the necessary parts concisely to make people draw lessons. The first prophet is Hazrat Adam, the last prophet is Hazrat Muhammad.In a hadith, the number of prophets is reported as 124 thousand. 315 of them are rasuls.The names of 25 prophets are mentioned in the Glorious Quran. It is disputable whether Uzair (Ezra), Luqman and Dhul-qarnain, whose names are mentioned in the Quran, are prophets. According to some scholars, they are prophets. According to others, they are not prophets but selected slaves of Allah, walis.

What is accepted in charity?  92. By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc., it means here Allah ‘s Reward, i.e. Paradise), unless you spend (in Allah’s Cause) of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well. “(Surah Aal-‘‘Imran 92).

What is actually happening to a Soul (Ruh) or spirits after death? Soul (Ruh) or spirits of all human beings have been created and reside in a world of souls from where a soul comes to join the body (according to Allah’s will and decree). “So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!” No! It is but a word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected. (Surah Al-Mu’minun; 100) The soul (Ruh) remains in an intermediate state, or “‘Alam-al-barzakh,” until it is time for all souls to be tureunited with their bodies at the time of resurrection. This is the knowledge of the unseen and comes from the teachings of the Qur’an. The exact moment of death of a person and the exact relation of the soul and body is only known to Allah..

What is Al-Araf? 46. And between them will be a barrier screen and on Al-Araf (a wall with elevated places) will be men (whose good and evil deeds would be equal in scale), who would recognise all (of the Paradise and Hell people), by their marks (the dwellers of Paradise by their white faces and the dwellers of Hell by their black faces), they will call out to the dwellers of Paradise, “Salamun ‘Alaikum” (peace be on you), and at that time they (men on Al-Araf) will not yet have entered it (Paradise), but they will hope to enter (it) with certainty.(Surah al-Araf;  46 ).

What is Allah (SWT)’s commitment towards the Qur’an? The Holy Quraan for this remain intact, unlettered, unmodified and unchanged and it is still available in its original form because Almighty Allah himself has taken the responsibility of protecting the universal, message from all sort of corruption. “it is indeed We Who revealed the Reminder (the Qur’aan) and indeed We are its Pmtectors.” (Surah Al-Hijr;; 9)

What is anger? Anger is an emotional state that varies in intensity from mild irritation to intense fury and rage. Although anger is a natural emotion, you may be expressing it in a manner that could result in violence and destructive acts. In fact, as noted in the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) says; “And march forth toward forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for the pious. Those who spend (in the way of God) in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon people; verily, God loves the doers of the good deeds134. Those who spend [in Allah ‘s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).” (Surah Ale-Imran;133-134)  Anger can be caused by both external and internal issues. You could be angry at a specific person or your anger could be caused by your personal problems, such as the remembrance of a disagreement with your spouse or parent..

What is Belief (Faith) in Allah and affirmation of His Oneness? Allah says: “Verily! Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaus (Paradise) for their entertainment”. (V. l 8: 107)

What is death? In the Holy Qur’an, interesting and varied interpretations have been made, regarding death.  The Holy Qur’àn has expressed death as a meeting with Allàh and says; “So whoever desires to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.” (Surah Al-Kahf;110)  Another interpretation which the Holy Qur’àn has and which makes clear the reality of death, is  “return to Allàh”.  However, the Islamic philosophers, regarding the manner of the creation of the entities (and amongst them, man) by Allàh and after then, their return towards Allàh,  have subtle, profound and interesting theories.  The Holy Qur’àn says;  “Who, when afflicted with calamity, say; “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.”” (Surah Al-Baqara; 156) One of the beautiful interpretations of the Holy Qur’an in the matter of death is (توفّى).  This word means seizing a thing in its entirety.  Hence, according to the verse under consideration, the reality of death is that the angels commissioned to take the soul, seize the entire personality of man at the time of death, and remove it from the captivity of the body.  They, then carry it to the Divine Presence;  “Say; the Angel of Death who is given charge of you shall cause you to die, then to your Lord you shall be brought back.” (Surah As-Sajda; 11) “He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decides upon a thing He says to it only; “Be!” and it is. (Surah Ghafir or Al-Mumin;  68)“Nor can a soul die except by Allah’s leave. The term being fixed as by writing…” (Surah Ale-Imran; 145) This means that there is a definite time of death even though as physicians we attempt to predict that exact time. Also, we are told that death is certain to catch up with you wherever you are and you cannot escape it. “Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!”  (Surah An-Nisaa; 78)  It is Allah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply. (Surah Az-Zumar; 42) 35. Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us you will be returned. (Surah Al-Anbiyaa; 35)   Everyone shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned. (Surah Al-Ankabut;  57 ) The soul does not die but when it separates from the body at the death of the body, the soul gets a taste of death.  In our life of probation on this earth, God tests our virtue and faith, by many things; some are tested by calamities, and some by the good things of this life.  If we prove our true mettle, we pass our probation with success.  In any case all must return to God, and then will our life be appraised at its true value. From the above quoted verses of the Qur’an, we came to know without doubt that, every living person dies, there is a definite time of death and permanent parting of the Soul from body is death.  Thus, we see that death is actually but the end of one phase for a soul and a new phase begins after that. In fact, in most of the Muslim world, the death of one person is referred to as ’“Intiqal,” which means transfer. Thus, Allah teaches that death is the end of one phase and beginning of the next phase for a soul. We as Muslims are urged to prepare ourselves for the Day of Judgment; that is the reason all these things about death and the Day of Judgment have been communicated to us by our Creator..

What is Etiquettes of Speech in Islam? Do not be rude in speech, Quran says; “And when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with ‘Salamaa’ (peaceful words of gentleness).” (Surah Al-Furqan; 63) “If they pass by some vain speech or play, they pass by it with dignity.” (Surah Al-Furqan; 72) “And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys… But of the people is he who disputes about Allah (SWT) without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book.” (Surah Luqman; 19-20) “And speak nicely to people.” (Surah Al-Baqara;83) “When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it equally.” (Qur’an, 4;86 “And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give to their kinsmen, the poor, and those who left their homes for Allah (SWT)’s cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not wish that Allah (SWT) should forgive you?” (Surah An-Nur; 22).  “Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish.” (Surah Al-A’raf; 199). Speak to people mildly –  “And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear Allah.” (Surah Ta Ha; 44). And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah  loves those who put their trust (in Him). (Surah Ale-Imran;159). ” Allah commands you that . . . when you judge between people (i.e., of any race, religion, family, class, etc.), you judge with justice.” (Surah An-Nisaa;58)

What is fair trading in Islam? Islam has given guidance on all aspects of life. The field of business,connnerce and economics is very important, and the Quran has givensevere warnings about cheating in trade. Quran says;26,182-184Therefore all sort of cheating in trading is forbidden in Islam.

What is forbidden forms of intercession? Praying to the dead, asking them for provisions and help, as is being done today. This is major form of Shirk, as Allah (SWT) says;“And invoke not besides Allah, any that neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).” (Surah Yunus; 106) As for praying by the Messenger’s name, such as saying; “O Lord by the Messenger heal me’ this is an innovation which was not practiced by the Prophet’s companions. When (‘Umar during his caliphate) sought the prayers of ‘Abbas – the Prophet’s uncle, as his closest living relative, he did not pray (for rain) seeking the intercession of the Prophet after his death. Prayer such as this could lead to Shirk if it is believed that Allah (SWT) needs a human mediator such  as a human prince or ruler, since this is comparing the Creator to His creation. Imam Abu Hanifa said; “I dislike supplication to Allah (SWT) through anyone but Allah (SWT). (Ad-Durr Al-Mukhtzir) .

What is Hell? 21. Truly, Hell is a place of ambush, 22. A dwelling place for the Taghun (those who transgress the boundry limits set by Allah (SWT) like polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah (SWT), hyprocrites, sinners, criminals, etc.),23. They will abide therein for ages, 24. Nothing cool shall they taste therein, nor any drink.25. Except boiling water, and dirty wound discharges.26. An exact recompense (according to their evil crimes). (Surah an-Naba’; 22-26) .

What is iddat and what is its duration? And those of you who die and leave wives behind them, they (the wives) shall wait (as regards their marriage) for four months and ten days, then when they have fulfilled their term, there is no sin on you if they (the wives) dispose of themselves in a just and honourable manner (i.e. they can marry). And Allah (SWT) is Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 234) .

What is Ihsan (perfection in worshlp or Excellence)? I’hsan is the highest of the three levels of faith and the closest to God.  Ihsan (Perfection in worship) is to be conscious of Allah during worship. As Allah said; “Who sees you when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajud prayer), And your movements among those who fall prostrate (along with you to Allah in the five compulsory congregational prayers).”(V.26;2 l 8,21 9) The Prophet Muhammad said; “lhsan (Perfection in worship) is to worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, (and if you cannot concentrate to that extent) yet truly He is seeing you”. (Muslim)Therefore, a Mu’hsen does his/her best to say and do only what pleases God and conforms to His commands. This is the level of righteousness, perfection, as well as doing and saying the ultimate good for the sake of goodness.The word “I’hsan” in Arabic is a derivative of the verb “ahsana,” which means doing things better. Thus the literal linguistic meaning of I’hsan is doing the best, which is doing what God commanded us to do Here are some verses from the Holy Qur’an, mentioning the words I’hsan and Mu’hsen, and conveying these meanings;Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct (I’hsan) and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded (Al-Na’hl, 16; 90).And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment (Al-Isra, 17; 23)Yes, whoever submits his face in Islam to Allah while being a doer of good will have his reward with his Lord. And no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve (Al-Baqara, 2; 112).And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw (yourselves) with your (own) hands into destruction. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good (Al-Baqara, 2; 195).  So Allah rewarded them for what they said with gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they abide eternally. And that is the reward of doers of good (Al-Ma-ida, 5; 85)..

What is Ikhlas? The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said:. Sincerity (Ikhlas), which is to do deeds for Allah (SWT)’s sake only neither seeking praise from fellow-beings nor to have repute among men, Allah (SWT) says: “So, call you (O Muhammad (PBUH)  and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah (SWT) making (your) worship pure for Him (Alone) (by worshipping none but Him and by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah (SWT)’s sake only and not to showoff and not to set up rivals with Him in worship)f’ (Surah Al-Mu’min; 14) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)   said: “Whoever sincerely testifies: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (SWT)’ shall enter Paradise.”

What is innovation in the religion (Islam)? An innovation in matters of faith is anything not based on evidence from Islamic Law (Shari ‘ah). Allah (SWT) said in rebuke of the innovations of the idolaters:  “Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed…” (V.42:21) The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)  said: “Whoever adds some new things to our matters (religion Islam) which was not part of it, it will be rejected” (that is, it will not be accepted by Allah (SWT). (Bukhari and Muslim).

What is Islam? Islam means perfect submission and subjection to Allah; and testifying complete Monotheism and freedom from polytheism and disobedience to Him. Allah, Most High says; “And who can be better in religion than one who submits his fate (himself) to Allah}. (Surah AnNisa’; 125) He says; “And whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allah, while he is a Muhsin, 3 then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold}. (Surah Luqman;  22) He says; “And your Ilah (god) is One Ilah (God -Allah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islam). And (O Muhammad) give glad tidings to the Mukhbitun4 }. (Surah Al-Hajj;  34)

What is Islamic legal rulings about foster parenting and adoption? Adoption is a great act of benevolence. Treat your adopted children like family members but do not conceal their biological parenthood.   The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) once said that a person who cares for an orphaned child will be in Paradise with him, and motioned to show that they would be as close as two fingers of a single hand. An orphan himself, Muhammad paid special attention to the care of children. He himself adopted a former slave and raised him with the same care as if he were his own son. However, the Qur’an gives specific rules about the legal relationship between a child and his/her adoptive family. The child’s biological family is never hidden; their ties to the child are never severed. The Qur’an specifically reminds adoptive parents that they are not the child’s biological parents; “…Nor has He made your adopted sons your (biological) sons. Such is (only) your (manner of) speech by your mouths. But Allah tells (you) the Truth, and He shows the (right) Way. Call them by (the names of) their fathers; that is juster in the sight of Allah. But if you know not their father’s (names, call them) your brothers in faith, or your trustees. But there is no blame on you if you make a mistake therein. (What counts is) the intention of your hearts. And Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.” (Surah Al-Ahzab; 4-5)  “Did He not find you an orphan and give you shelter? And He found you wandering, and He gave you guidance. And He found you in need, and made you independent. Therefore, treat not the orphan with harshness, nor drive away a petitioner (unheard). But the bounty of the Lord – rehearse and proclaim!” (Surah Adh-Dhuha; 6-11)

What is Islamic Monotheism?  30. So set you (O Muhammad ) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq-illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. 31. (Always) Turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to Him; and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and be not of Al-Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.).32. Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islamic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the religion (Bid’ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it. (Surah Ar-Rum; 30-32) 104. Say (O Muhammad ); “O you mankind! If you are in doubt as to my religion (Islam), then (know that) I will never worship those whom you worship, besides Allah. But I worship Allah Who causes you to die, I am commanded to be one of the believers.105. “And (it is inspired to me); Direct your face (O Muhammad ) entirely towards the religion Hanifa (Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone), and never be one of the Mushrikun (those who ascribe partners to Allah, polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and those who worship others along with Allah).106. “And invoke not besides Allah, any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun(polytheists and wrong-doers). “107. And if Allah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.108. . Say; “O you mankind! Now truth (i.e. the Qur’an and Prophet Muhammad ), has come to you from your Lord. So whosoever receives guidance, he does so for the good of his own self, and whosoever goes astray, he does so to his own loss, and I am not (set) over you as a Wakil (disposer of affairs to oblige you for guidance).”109. And (O Muhammad ), follow the inspiration sent unto you, and be patient till Allah gives judgement. And He is the Best of judges. (Surah Yunus; 104-9).

What is Islamic trade (commerce)? 10. O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment. 11.  That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (PBUH), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!   12. (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of ‘Adn – Eternity [‘Adn (Edn) Paradise], that is indeed the great success. 13. And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love, help from Allah (SWT) (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad (PBUH) to the believers. (Surah al-Saf;  10-13).

What is Jāhilīyya or the Age of Ignorance means ? It is a terminology of the Qur’an and hadiths that refers to the lifestyle, conducts and beliefs of Arabs before the emergence of Islam in Arabia. The word “Jahiliyya” is used 4 times in the Qur’an, The Qur’an, 3:154, “they think of Allah thoughts that were not true, the thought of ignorance (jahiliyya)”, The Qur’an, 5:50: “do they then seek after a judgment of ignorance (jahiliyya)?” The Qur’an, 33:33: “make not a dazzling display, like that of the former times of ignorance”.  The Qur’an, 48:26: “when the unbelievers established in their hearts zealotry, the zealotry of ignorance (Jahiliyya)”.

What is lactation amenorrhea? Allah (SWT) has provided a natural method of planning the family, which is medically known as lactation amenorrhea. After the women gives birth to a child, till she breast feeds she does not have her menstrual cycle, thus the chances of pregnancy in this period of lactation is minimal. Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an “The mothers shall give suck to their offspring for two whole years…” (Surah Al-Baqarah;  233)

What is lawful and forbidden food in Islam? Allah (SWT) loves His creations so much that He is concerned with what we eat and put in our body. Our muscles, bones, lungs, liver, brain and secretions are made from the raw products we feed them. If we provide it with junk, it will not produce strong bones and muscles, a good heart and clean vessels. “3. Forbidden to you (for food) are; Al-Maytatah (the dead animals – cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns – and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal – unless you are able to slaughter it (before its death) – and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on An-Nusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allah and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. But as for him who is forced by severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat these above-mentioned meats), then surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah al-Maidah;  3) 91. Shaitan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from As-Salat (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain? 92. And obey Allah and the Messenger  (PBUH), and beware (of even coming near to drinking or gambling or Al-Ansab, or Al-Azlam, etc.) and fear Allah. Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey (the Message) in the clearest way. (Surah al-Maidah; 91-92) and 219. They ask you (O Muhammad (PBUH) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say; “In them is a great sin, and (some) benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.” And they ask you what they ought to spend. Say; “That which is beyond your needs.” Thus Allah  makes clear to you His Laws in order that you may give thought.” (Surah Al-Baqarah;  219) 51. O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Taiyibat [all kinds of Halal (legal) foods which Allah  has made legal (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds. Verily! I am Well-Acquainted with what you do. (Surah al-Mu’minun;  51)  114. So eat of the lawful and good food which Allah  has provided for you. And be grateful for the Graces of Allah, if it is He Whom you worship. 115. He has forbidden you only Al-Maytatah (meat of a dead animal), blood, the flesh of swine, and any animal which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allah (or has been slaughtered for idols etc. or on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity, without wilful disobedience, and not transgressing, then, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah an-Nahl; 114-115) 96. Lawful to you is (the pursuit of) water-game and its use for food – for the benefit of yourselves and those who travel, but forbidden is (the pursuit of) land-game as long as you are in a state of Ihram (for Hajj or ‘Umrah). And fear Allah  to Whom you shall be gathered back. (Surah al-Maidah; 96) 172. O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you with, and be grateful to Allah, if it is indeed He Whom you worship….173. He has forbidden you only the Maytatah (dead animals), and blood, and the flesh of swine, and that which is slaughtered as a scrifice for others than Allah  (or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., on which Allah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). But if one is forced by necessity without willful disobedience nor transgressing due limits, then there is no sin on him. Truly, Allah  is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 172-173) 168. O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 168).

What is main component of Faith? Loving the Prophet (pbuh) and following him is a main component of Faith. ALLAH has repeatedly emphasized the believers in the Qur’an to Obey ALLAH and His Messenger (pbuh), and ignoring this Command puts one’s faith in doubt; So fear ALLAH and set things right between you, and obey ALLAH and His Messenger if you are (in truth) believers. (The Holy Qur’an, Surrah Al-Anfaal 8;1)Say (O Muhammad pbuh); “Obey ALLAH and the Messenger (Muhammad pbuh).” But if they turn away, then ALLAH does not like the disbelievers. [The Holy Qur’an 3;31-32]Thus it is very important to follow the Prophet (pbuh) to have perfect Imaan (faith), ALLAH says in the Qur’an; Indeed in the Messenger of ALLAH (Muhammad pbuh) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) ALLAH and the Last Day and remembers ALLAH much. [Al-Ahzab; 33;21], so ALLAH has placed a role model in front of us to pursue and adapt our lives according to it, with the guarantee from ALLAH of being the best model which ALLAH likes.

What is major Shirk? lt is to devote any of the forms of worship to one other than Allah (SWT), such as supplication, invocation,sacrifice, etc. The proof-text is Allah (SWT)’s Saying; “And invoke not besides Allah (SWT), any that neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong doers (V.10;l06). The Prophet Muhammad  (PBUH) said:  “The greatest sins are joining others with Allah in worship, disobedience to parents and to give false evidence.” (Muslim)

What is means of Souls (Ruh) or spirits journey into the Afterlife? Death is but a phase in a series of phases, it is the beginning of one’s journey to the afterlife.  Death, or the cessation of life functions, occurs when one’s soul leaves the body.  This is a very painful experience.  God, Almighty, tells us; “And the pangs of death will come in truth; “This is what you have been avoiding!” (Surah Qaf;  19) The soul will then begin its journey up to the heavens; for a believer permission would be sought for the gates of heaven to be opened and the gates would be opened till it reaches the seventh heaven, whereby Allah (SWT) says; “Thereof (the earth) We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again.” (Surah Ta-Ha; 55) It would then be returned to the body.  As for the non-believer, permission would be sought for the gates of the lowest heaven to be opened, but the angels refuse and it will be cast back to earth.  God, Almighty, tells us; “Verily, those who belie Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle (which is impossible). Thus do We recompense the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.). (Surah al-Araf; 40) Thereafter, one will remain in either continuous bliss or punishment in the grave until the Final Hour is established..

What is meant by “idolizing” something? In conventional speech, “idolizing” only means worshipping certain things or beings. Yet, this concept has a much wider meaning and is not limited to past ages alone. In every age, there have been ignorant people who have ascribed partners to Allah, adopted other gods and worshipped idols or totem poles. It is not necessary for a person who idolizes something to say “this is a god, and I worship this” about the thing he idolizes, or to prostrate himself in front of it. Idolatry is basically a person’s erroneous preference for something or someone over Allah. For instance, preferring someone’s approval to Allah’s approval, or fearing someone as one fears Allah or loving someone as one loves Allah can serve as some examples. In the Qur’an, Allah states that the idols that people ascribe as partners to Allah will not be of any help to them.Instead of Allah you worship only idols. You are inventing a lie. Those you worship besides Allah have no power to provide for you. So seek your provision from Allah and worship Him and give thanks to Him. It is to Him that you will be returned.’ (Surah  al-Ankabut, 17) Say, “Shall I tell you who the worst losers are? “They are the ones whose works in this life are totally astray, but they think that they are doing good.” [Surah Al-Kahf; 103-104] 21. And who does more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.)? Verily, the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) shall never be successful.22. And on the Day when We shall gather them all together, We shall say to those who joined partners in worship (with Us); “Where are your partners (false deities) whom you used to assert (as partners in worship with Allah)?”23. There will then be (left) no Fitnah (excuses or statements or arguments) for them but to say; “By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others in worship with Allah.”24. Look! How they lie against themselves! But the (lie) which they invented will disappear from them. Surah Al-An’am21–24.

What is mentioned about the equality of men and women in the Qur’an? Has man been endowed with superiority over  woman? Men are in charge of women in all major religions. According to Bible; “Her husband to rule over her. Genesis 3;16. The head of the woman is the man. 1 Corinthians 11;3. Man can sell his daughter. Exodus 21;7 In Christianity women is forbidden to open their mouths in the Church—for it is a SHAME for women to speak in the Church” (CORINTHIANS 14;34-35) To chop off her hands for saving her husband’s life. (Deuteronomy 25; 11-12). According to the words of the Qur’an. – “Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them.”  (Surah An-Nisaa;34) In Islam, Men and women have the same religious and moral duties and responsibilities, they both face the consequences of their deeds; And their Lord has accepted of them and answered them; ‘Never will I suffer to be lost the work of any of you be it male or female; you are members of one another …'(Surah Ale-Imran; 195) “And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. (Surah Al-Baqarah; 228). “Tell thy wives and thy daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks close round them…”  Men determine how women dress. (Surah Al-Ahzab; 59)  ” Women should not display their finery And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins, etc.) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet ), and to purify you with a thorough purification.  (Surah Al-Ahzab; 33)  “Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will.”  (Surah Al-Baqarah; 223) Wives are to be sexually available to their husbands in all ways at all times.  ” It may be if he divorced you (all) that his Lord will give him instead of you, wives better than you, Muslims (who submit to Allah), believers, obedient to Allah, turning to Allah in repentance, worshipping Allah sincerely, fasting or emigrants (for Allah’s sake), previously married and virgins. (Surah At-Tahrim; 5).If any do deeds of righteousness be they male or female and have faith they will enter paradise and not the least injustice will be done to them. (Surah An-Nisaa; 124) For Muslim men and women and for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast (and deny themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah ‘s praise, for them has Allah  prepared forgiveness and great reward. (Surah Al-Ahzab; 35)  Nowhere does the Qur’an state that one gender is superior to the other. Some mistakenly translate ‘qiwamah’ or responsibility for the family as superiority. The Qur’an makes it clear that the sole basis for superiority of any person over another is piety and righteousness not gender, colour, or nationality; O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female and made you into nations and tribes that you may know each other. Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (one who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). (Surah Al-Hujuraat; 13).

What is Minor polytheism [As-Shirk Al-Asghar]? The Minor Shirk is Ar-Riya’ (i.e. acts performed to show off). Any act of worship or any religious deed done in order to gain praise, fame or for worldly benefit, falls under this category. Allah (SWT) says; “So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord}. (Surah Al-Kahf; 110) The Prophet (PBUH) says; “The most fearful thing I fear for you is Minor Shirk”. He (PBUH) was asked about it, and he said; “It is [Ar-Riya’] showing off”. Then, he (PBUH) explained it saying, “A man stands in prayer, performs it more beautifully and properly than ever, because he notices someone looking at him”. (Imam Ahmed) Such polytheism includes taking oaths by people and things such as fathers, idols, honesty, etc, instead of Allah. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Do not take oaths in the name of your fathers, mothers, or those you set up as rivals with Allah”. (Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and AlBaihaqi) He (PBUH) also says; “Do not say ‘By the Ka’bah’, but say ‘By the Lord of the Ka ‘bah”‘. (Imam Ahmed) He (PBUH) says; “Do not take an oath in anyone other than Allah “. (An Authentic Hadith) He (PBUH) says; “Whosoever takes an oath in the name of honesty is not from amongst us (i.e. a true believer) “. (Abu Dawud and Ahmed) He (PBUH) says; “Whosoever takes an oath in the name of anyone other than Allah becomes a disbeliever or a polytheist “. And in another Narration, “he becomes a disbeliever and a polytheist”. (Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi and Ahmed) Also, it is forbidden to say; ‘What Allah and you will’. The Prophet (PBUH) asked someone who said this; “Do you make me an equal to Allah? Say, “What Allah Alone wills”. (Ahmed and Bukhari) It is also forbidden to say the following expressions; Had it not been for Allah and you!, I have no one but Allah and you!, I begin in the name of Allah and your name! etc. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) says; “Do not say ‘what Allah and so and so, willed’, but say ‘what Allah, then so and so, willed”‘. (Abu Dawud and Ahmed) Scholars say; it is permissible to say, “Had it not been for Allah then so and so”. But, “Had it not been for Allah and so and so”, is not permissible to be said.

What is Miracle of honey mentioned in the Qur’an? Although honey is one of the most important products of the bee, yet it is not the only product. Honey wax, propolis, nectar, bee toxicant are cases in point of other products that proved by experimental science to be of medical benefits. Honey has more than 80 materials of sugar vitamins and 15 materials of sugars, particularly fructose, glucose, minerals, amino acids and about 5% of unclassified materials.“containing healing for mankind” is an explicit verse indicating that honey is a treatment as well as a nutrient. Allah (SWT) says in the holy Qur’an ; (Your Lord revealed to the bees; “Build dwellings in the mountains and the trees, and also in the structures which men erect. Then eat from every kind of fruit and travel the paths of your Lord, which have been made easy for you to follow.” From inside them comes a drink of varying colours, containing healing for mankind. There is certainly a Sign in that for people who reflect) (Surah An-Nahl; 68-69) “containing healing for mankind” is an explicit verse indicating that honey is a treatment as well as a nutrient. The benefits of honey; Easily digested, rapidly diffuses through the blood, and supports blood formation, Inhibits Bacteria, Antioxidant and Healing wounds and many more.   It can easily be seen from this information that honey has great “healing” properties. Although honey is one of the most important products of the bee, yet it is not the only product. Honey wax, propolis, nectar, bee toxicant are cases in point of other products that proved by experimental science to be of medical benefits. Honey has more than 80 materials of sugar vitamins and 15 materials of sugars, particularly fructose, glucose, minerals, amino acids and about 5% of unclassified materials.   Many researches have been done to look at the benefits of natural honey. Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world. Ayurvedic as well as unani medicine have been using honey as a vital medicine for centuries. Scientists of today also accept honey as a Ram Ban (very effective) medicine for all kinds of diseases. Honey can be used without any side effects for any kind of diseases. Today’s science says that even though honey is sweet, if taken in the right dosage as a medicine, it does not harm diabetic patients also. A famous magazine named Weekly World News published in Canada dated 17 January, 1995 has given a list of diseases that can be cured by Honey. There are countless benefits of honey;  This is undoubtedly one of the miracles of the Qur’an. Allah, Who is Exalted in Power, has revealed. Another interesting point regarding the female honey bee. In the honey bee colonies where each of the many bees is assigned a specific task, the only exception is the male honey bee. The males do not contribute to the defence of the hive or its cleaning, gathering food, or making the honeycomb and honey. The only function of the male bees in the hive is to inseminate the queen bee. Apart from reproductive organs, the males possess almost none of the features possessed by other bees and it is therefore impossible for them to do anything but fertilise the queen.The worker bees carry the entire load of the colony. Although they are females like the queen, their ovaries have no maturity. This renders them sterile. They have several duties; cleaning the hive, maintaining the larvae and the young, feeding the queen bee and the males, producing honey, constructing the honeycomb and repairing it, ventilating the hive and safeguarding it, gathering supplies like nectar, pollen, water and resin, and storing these in the hive. The Qur’an also indicates that the honey bees that work in the making of the honey are females.We should not forget that it is impossible for this fact to have been known about the honey bees in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Yet, Allah has pointed at this fact and shown us yet another miracle of the Qur’an..

What is more difficult and miraculous, the creation of Adam, or the birth of Jesus? Allah answers this question in the following verses; ‘Surely, the case of bringing Jesus into existence is similar to that of Adam; Allah created the latter from soil then He said to him, ‘Be/ and he was  (Surah Ale-Imran;  59)  He Who created Adam without a father is by right more capable of creating Jesus. Hence, if Divine sonship is ascribed to jesus because of his miraculous birth, then, by right Adam would be more entitled to it than Jesus.) This is the truth about Jesus that your God has revealed to you. Therefore, have no doubt about it. (Surah Ale-Imran; 60)